Saturday, September 25, 2010

Asthenopia (Aaaaaaagggh My Eyes!) from my readers

One of my readers who wants to remain anonymous says (I have edited it a bit) :

...[To the tune of "Aaaaaaagggh! My Eyes!"]

For someone who is so into vision, I am appalled at how you can have such an unreadable blog! Grey-scale text on a black background?? Italics for the main text? What were you thinking?! Click a link and it's grey when you next come back to the page. Other parts of the text are grey from the outset. That's "grey" as in almost invisible!

Italic text is harder to read. If you must use it, use it for the things that are less important - such as the things that have a proper font but are grey. (No, don't, lol. Italics should be reserved for localised emphasis within text)...In order to read the page properly I have to do Select All so that the black background becomes white and the white text becomes dark blue. Of course any click anywhere reverts it to the original dungeon darkness.

A google search that may be enlightening (if you'll pardon the expression):

...Phew! Glad to get that off my chest. I do hope that, despite any alarm and offence at my pained and outraged sounding tone, you take down the barrier to access that is your blog style; change it for the betterment of all who seek your valuable information

Dear Reader:

I take no offense at your fact I have changed this blog template so it is more readable. The problem is Blogspot offers this black background (which I use because of its high contrast) with all that you have rightly complained about as a one size fits all option...if you want this template this is what you get.... I did recently discover that I can change some of the atributes of the blog however. As far as using italics...all that is NOT written by me I put in italics to differentiate what is written by me...which is not in italics. I think using italics is better than underling or any of the other options (which at the moment are few) that Blogspot offers.

Please send me any any all other recommendations that will make this blog better. I want to hear from you and I appreciate the time you take to let me know when I "get it right" and when "I don't". DM

Friday, September 24, 2010

Perceptual Learning In Healthy Adults Boosted By Alzheimer's Drug

..."Perceptual learning tasks are used to help patients with clinical conditions such as dyslexia and amblyopia," said Rokem. "Further research could find that cholinesterase inhibitors boost the effectiveness of perceptual learning treatments for [patients with Alzheimer's disease]." ...

Comments: For the full article click on the title above. DM

The World Seen Differently By Children And Adults

...Unlike adults, children are able to keep information from their senses separate and may therefore perceive the visual world differently....children younger than 12 do not combine different sensory information to make sense of the world as adults do. This does not only apply to combining different senses, such as vision and sound, but also to the different information the brain receives when looking at a scene with one eye compared to both eyes. ...

Comments: Click on title above for full article. DM

Study Finds That Cognitive Skills In Children With Autism Vary And Improve

...People with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are thought to have a specific profile of cognitive strengths and weaknesses - difficulties appreciating others' thoughts and feelings, problems regulating and controlling their behavior, and an enhanced ability to perceive details - but few studies have tracked children's cognitive skills over time. Now new longitudinal research provides clues that can inform our understanding of ASD. ...

Comments: Click on title for full article.

Doctors Treat Vision Problem With Video Games

I was quoted in a story by ABCNews Health called Doctors Treat Vision Problem With Video Games Video Games May Be the Right Prescription for Amblyopia. There is also a video as well.

I said, "These two video games ... involve a high level of attention and arousal. The fact that your brain is going to learn goes up, and it's more likely to remember something if you're alert and paying attention, which will help your brain learn how to see," says Dominick Maino, an optometrist and professor of pediatrics/binocular vision at the Illinois College of Optometry and the Illinois Eye Institute..... And since there are parents who object to their children playing video games, there are other things they can try as well.
"Go to the toy store and find activities there, like 'Where's Waldo?' or something else depending on the age of the child," says Maino. "If your child engages in a high-interest task, that's fine." ... Video games may help other visual problems too. At least one study found that adults who played action video games such as "Call of Duty 2" showed an improved awareness of contrast. ... "It makes sense, because the games are new and novel and are visually arousing," says Maino. With 2 to 4 percent of children affected by amblyopia, doctors say it's a problem that needs to be addressed, and if video games are a way to improve a child's eyesight, then that's fine with them. ....

Comments: For all folks out there who have amblyopia or lazy eye, do not just go out to the game store, buy a video game and start a program of self-treatment. Go to your family optometrist for a comprehensive eye examination and a referral to an optometrist who specializes in this area. To find such a doc click on the Doctor Locator tab at (College of Optometrists in Vision Development) or at (American Optometric Association). Amblyopia/lazy eye is a two eyed problem...and "patching" the better seeing eye is seldom the best way to treat the problem for long term success. For the full story and video click on the title above. DM

Former FDA Official Urges Agency To Look Into LASIK.

From AOA FirstLook

On its website, ABC News (9/22, Carollo) reported, "A former Food and Drug Administration official who helped get the vision correction surgery LASIK approved back in the 1990s but later spoke out against the procedure is taking his concerns directly to current regulators at the FDA." Yesterday, "Morris Waxler, who is now an independent regulatory consultant, filed a citizen's petition...urging the agency to take steps to stop what he calls 'the epidemic of permanent vision problems' caused by LASIK."

According to "Waxler's analysis of FDA data, half of LASIK patients experience side effects, and more than a third continue to need glasses or contacts," ABC World News (9/22, story 6, 1:55, Sawyer) reported. After being asked if he "would you ever recommend LASIK to somebody" he cares about, "knowing what" he "knows now," Dr. Waxler replied, "No, absolutely not." While the "industry counters that most LASIK side effects are minor or temporary, and that complications are much lower with today's modern LASIK," the agency nevertheless is "now reviewing the procedure."

APHA Provides Information Sources on Health Care Reform

The APHA has put together several resources fo information regarding the changes that have been and will be instituted in our health care system. Are you as confused as I am? Please click on the title above for the information you need. DM


Preregistration for Academy 2010 San Francisco ends October 28! Don't miss out on the pre-meeting rates. Hotel rooms are going fast, but we still have sleeping rooms available at the Hyatt Regency San Francisco. To register for the meeting and reserve your hotel room, please visit the registration site.

Comments: I'm registered...why aren't you? When you come to the AAO meeting you can stop by on Wed & Thur so that we can chat about my poster presentations.... I can't get your feedback on these if you aren't there. So register today! You will be glad you did! DM

Type D Personality & Heart Risk

Be Happy!!!

...Heart patients with "distressed" (Type D) personality profile may face a higher risk of cardiovascular problems....The personality classification system that identified "Type A" decades ago, more recently defined Type D as a personality marked by chronic negative emotions, pessimism and social inhibition. Researchers noted a three-fold increased risk of cardiovascular issues such as peripheral artery disease, angioplasty or bypass procedures, heart failure, heart transplantation, heart attack or death for Type D heart patients....

Comments: Read the whole story by clicking on the title above. The bottomline here is to BE HAPPY! Put a smile on your face and in your heart. DM

Effect of Stimulus Type on Eye Movement Performance and Dynamics in Young Children

...Younger subjects more frequently ... made saccades in response to pictures than to dots. ...saccadic amplitude gains were higher ... for all step sizes with pictures and latencies were shorter ... compared with dots. The peak velocity vs. amplitude relationship was very similar for the two stimulus types. Pursuit gain was higher ... for picture stimuli over a range of target velocities. Between 7 and 9 years of age, performance between the two stimuli becomes similar for all parameters tested with the exception of saccadic latency, which remains shorter for pictures even in the oldest children tested. ...

Comments: Click on the title above for the full abstract. DM

Hyperkinetic Disorders in Children Are on the Rise, German Study Suggests

....Hyperkinetic disorders among children and adolescents are becoming increasingly common, new research suggests. In the current issue of Deutsches Ärzteblatt International, Ingrid Schubert of the PMV Research Group at the University of Cologne and her colleagues address the question how this has affected the frequency of prescriptions for methylphenidate, a stimulant drug that is used to treat such disorders.....
Comments: A PDF of this article is available at DM

Manganese in Drinking Water: Study Suggests Adverse Effects on Children's Intellectual Abilities

The article Intellectual Impairment in School-Age Children Exposed to Manganese from Drinking Water published in Environmental Health Perspectives notes that:

The median Manganese in children’s home tap water was 34 µg/L . .... Higher [Manganese intake] were significantly associated with lower IQ scores. A 10-fold increase in Manganese was associated with a decrease of 2.4 IQ points ... adjusting for maternal intelligence, family income, and other potential confounders. There was a 6.2-IQ point difference between children in the lowest and highest ...quintiles. [Manganese intake] was more strongly associated with Performance IQ than Verbal IQ.

Comments: Read the full article by clicking on the title above. DM

Journal of Neuroinflammation

Journal of Neuroinflammation is an open access, peer-reviewed journal published by BioMed Central. If you are into all things might want to check this one out. Definitely more for the research oriented individual. One of the most highly accessed articles was Neurotensin is increased in serum of young children with autistic disorder .DM

Smoking During Pregnancy May Harm the Child’s Motor Control and Coordination

...Women who smoke during pregnancy run the risk of adversely affecting their children's coordination and physical control according to a new study ....Moreover, we discovered that boys' abilities may be affected to a greater extent than those of girls....

Comments: Always click on the title above for the complete story. DM

Thursday, September 23, 2010

Volume 41 #3 of Optometry & Vision Development Now Online!!

The latest issue of OVD is available online now for free!

Read OVD 41-3 Online


by Dominick M. Maino, OD, MEd, FAAO, FCOVD-A, Editor

Do Gifted Children Choose Their Gifts?
by Leonard Press, OD, FAAO, FCOVD

Historical Perspectives
COVD: Recapitulating 40 Years of Excellence

by Leonard Press, OD, FAAO, FCOVD


Diagnosing Extraocular Muscle Dysfunction in Clinic: Comparing Computerized Hess Analysis, Park's 3-Step Test and a Novel 3-Step Test
by Patrick Quaid BSc(Hons)Optom, MCOptom, PhD; Andrew Hamilton-Wright, PhD

Vision Dysfunctions Secondary to Motor Vehicle Accident: A Case Report
by Derek Tong, OD, FCOVD, FAAO; Cristy Zink, BS, RPT

Literature Review
Current Eye & Vision Science Literature

Review by David A. Goss, OD, PhD, FAAO, FCOVD-A

Tour de Optometry
Another Extraordinary Year for the Tour de Optometry

by Lynn F. Hellerstein, OD, FCOVD, FAAO & Carole Hong, OD, FCOVD

Book Review
See It. Say It. Do It! The Parent's & Teacher's Action Guide to Creating Successful Students & Confident Kids

Author Lynn F. Hellerstein, OD, FCOVD, FAAO
Review by Janice M. McMahon, OD

Practice Management
Baby Day: A Case Study in Social Media for the Optometrist

by Nathan Bonilla-Warford, OD, FAAO

Doctor-Staff Relations: How to Correct Your Staff
by Toni Bristol


OVD is indexed in the Directory of Open Access Journals and is available immediately when publish with no embargo. DM

Wednesday, September 22, 2010

Quoted in US News & World Report

The folks at US News and World Report were kind enough to interview me about 3D Vision the title above for the full story..... DM

..."There will be at least one person in the crowd who says, 'What are you talking about? I didn't see anything flying out at me.' Or maybe they will say, 'That movie actually made me a little nauseated,'" said Dr. Dominick Maino, a professor at the Illinois College of Optometry and the Illinois Eye Institute.....Any of these can be treated by an optometrist or ophthalmologist. In fact, Maino said, the new 3-D movies are giving some people their first clue of a vision problem they may have had for a long time without recognizing it...The problems, though, can be treated using optometric vision therapy, in which eye patches or special pairs of glasses are utilized to teach the eyes how to work together, Press and Maino said. Some of the techniques already are used to help kids with amblyopia or strabismus....

Comments: Dennis Thompson, HealthDay Reporter for US News and World Report did a nice job interviewing me and writing this story....please click the title above for more info. DM

Tuesday, September 21, 2010

50 Famous People with Dyslexia

Ms Patricia Duggan recently let me know about her website so I am passing along this information to you. It is important for all to know that folks with dyslexia (or any disability) can achieve great things! Dominick

Helping our patients achieve great things...

In the blog, VisionHelp, Dr. Len Press tells us about...CI and the Supernova...

...The story....

...When Caroline was in second grade, she was struggling to keep pace with her school work. ... [it was] ...determined that Caroline had convergence insufficiency (CI) and she underwent a vision therapy program that helped her blossom in school. ...

This story goes on to state how incredibly successful Caroline successful she discovered a Supernova.... For the complete story click the title above. DM

Monday, September 20, 2010

And now the rest of the story!

Upon reading my blog entry about the 15 y/o and the laser pointer, two of my readers left this comment:

..."So what is the rest of the story? How did it end up for this 15 year old? I often wonder if I am not seeing the entirety of your blog posts, because they end like this one, leaving me wondering if I missed something. Thank you!....

Yes...the rest of the story often requires that you click on the title to read the article, research, news story and other interesting tidbit in full. So once you find it here....if you are interested in "the rest of the story" click on the title!!

Since I am sensitive to "copyright issues" I will frequently edit or only put a very abbreviated account of the facts here....but guide you so that you can read it all by clicking on the title. Hope this helps....DM

Thoughts from the COVD Webinar with Dr. Sue Barry

...A couple of nights ago I attended the free webinar that COVD put on with Dr. Susan Barry, author of Fixing My Gaze: A Scientist's Journey Into Seeing in Three Dimensions. The webinar was entitled "School Crossings: ...A Neurobiologist's View of How Our System Fails Children With Vision Problems". With August being National Children's Vision and Learning Month, and my child headed off to school in the upcoming days, the webinar was particularly timely. ....

Comments: Click on the title above to read more of comments. DM

ICO Alumni Weekend Photographs

ICO's alumni weekend was awesome! Great food. Great friends. Great education...and more! Check out the pictures at

Parents Television Council

I was recently quoted in a column on the Parents Telelvision Council Parenting and the Media column by Rod Gustafson....

.....Asking my questions to Dr. Maino in an interview, he does confirm that this new technology, "can and does ... cause eye strain, double vision, headaches and even nausea" adding "it literally hurts to see." However, Dr. Maino reminds us, "There are very few studies looking at the effect of 3D movies and television on the eyes and adverse affects."

Like any other vision concern, Dr. Maino reminds parents who may be concerned about the effects of 3D viewing to ensure their children receive regular comprehensive eye examinations that include an assessment of the binocular vision system.

"[Eye exams] should be done at least once a year while a child is in school," advises Dr. Maino. "Parents may also want to limit 3D television/video game viewing time as well," he suggests, advising that "by doing both of these activities (comprehensive eye examinations and limited viewing) parents will ensure that their children will have ... healthy and comfortable two-eyed vision that will make all their activities much more enjoyable."

Finally, Dr. Maino says, "If family members do begin suffering from eye strain, double vision or any other symptoms associated with 3D movie viewing, they should know that optometric vision therapy can help correct the problems causing the pain."....

Illinios College of Optometry Faculty Achievement

Once again ICO Faculty, Administration and Students have done very, very well. DM

Teacher of the Year Awards were announced at the White Coat Ceremony on September 11, 2010:
• 1st Year: Dr. John Baker
• 2nd Year: Dr. David Lee
• 3rd Year: Dr. Leonard Messner
• 4th Year: Dr. Leonard Messner
• 3rd Year: Clinical Educator of the Year Award - Dr. Patrick Kwong
• Golden Apple Award - Dr. Geoffrey Goodfellow

Allison CL. Proportion of refractive errors in a Polish immigrant population in Chicago. Optom Vis Sci 2010;87:588-592.

Drs. Beckerman and Beatty have received word that their “presentation has been selected by the Academy Communications Committee as one of the nine most newsworthy at the Annual Meeting.” and, “Thank you again for your outstanding research, and for your anticipated participation in this exciting event.” They will be presenting a five-minute summary of their poster at the AAO press conference on November 18, 2010.

Manuscript accepted: Bakkum BB. The Fountain Head Chiropractic Hospital: The Dream that Almost Came True. Journal of Chiropractic Humanities.

Dr. Jan Jurkus joined an international group of researchers and educators who participated in a symposium to honor Dr. Alan Tomlinson. The symposium, 'Not a Dry Eye in the House" was held at the Glasgow Caledonian University in Glasgow, Scotland reviewed the research published in collaboration with Prof. Tomlinson. Dr. Jurkus was one of three Americans invited to lecture at the symposium. Her talk, "Tomlinson-The Chicago Years" reviewed their ground breaking studies on toric soft contact lens as well as studies on corneal response to lenses and the start of the dry eye interest. She was also asked to propose a formal toast at the Pipping Center dinner.

Messner LV. The Lawrence G. Gray Neuro-ophthalmic Disorders Symposium, Thursday, November 18, 10 a.m. to noon. Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Optometry.

Essilor honored ICO BOT member Mr. Mike Daley by endowing an Ezell Fellowship in his name. The $240,000 pledge will be completed over four years with the first Fellowship to be awarded in 2011.

Sicks LA. Attention, students! AAO is now better than ever! American Academy of Optometry Newsletter Spring 2010, p. 16.

Goodfellow G. ICOasis, Share your wisdom with a new OD. Journal of the Illinois Optometric Association Apr/May/June 2010; 68(3):20.

AOA Congressional Advocacy Conference. ICO faculty, Drs. Augsburger and McMahon recently participated in the AOA Congressional Advocacy Conference in Washington DC. Journal of the Illinois Optometric Association Apr/May/June 2010; 68(3):14-15.

Dr. Maino lectured at the 15th Congresso Academico Internacional de Optometria Functional in Mexico ( His presentations were on September 11 and will be “Síndrome 3D” and “Evaluación en paciente con necesidades especiales”.

At the recent Alumni Council meeting on Alumni Weekend Dr. Dominick Maino was elected president of the ICO Alumni Council. As such, Dr. Maino will be the Alumni Council representative to the ICO BOT. He replaces Dr. Charles Harrill who served in that role this past year.

Primary Care 4th Year Grand Rounds presented an Illinois College of Optometry continuing education program featuring a collaborative effort between fourth year clinicians, residents and their mentoring clinical faculty on September 9, 23 and October 21 from 5:30-7:30 P.M. in the Adams Center. The case presentations with a faculty panel are designed to actively engage the audience in a discussion covering a wide array of topics germane to the patients’ eye care and systemic health. The September 9 program incuded Ross Olson (Dr. Stephanie Klemencic), Mary Burgos (Dr. Jordan Keith) and Dr. Jessica Condie.

Dr. Roberts presented an Epidemiology Guest Lecture on September 1, 2010, "Factors in Expression of Pigmentary Glaucoma and Related Syndromes: Avenues of Investigation" at UIC.

Kattouf RS. Six tips to jump-start your practice. Optometric Management April 2010, p. 25.

ICO student Nick Olberding, ICO- Trustee Elect, published VOSH: In giving we receive in Foresight AOSA XXXXI(2), Fall 2010, p. 6.

Illinois Eye Institute to transform eye care for Chicago’s neediest residents

CHICAGO - The Illinois Eye Institute (IEI) has launched Chicago Vision Outreach, a pilot initiative that will improve eye care for patients in desperate need. The program will connect optometrists to underserved patients who suffer from vision and eye care problems often caused by chronic illnesses such as diabetes. This community-focused initiative, which will dramatically increase accessibility to eye care to many Chicago residents, is supported by a total of $350,000 in private grants.

“We identified thousands of underserved patients who desperately need eye care in Chicago,” said Leonard Messner, O.D., executive director of the Illinois Eye Institute. “This initiative brings eye care directly to people suffering most, and who are least likely to receive it.” Many of these patients have vision problems brought on by complicated eye diseases such as glaucoma or diabetic retinopathy. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention indicates the prevalence of vision disorders among underserved adults was a staggering 26 percent in 2007.

IEI has a tradition of treating patients regardless of their ability to pay and has become a safety net eye care provider for uninsured or under-insured Chicagoans. With Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) fast becoming the medical homes for these populations, frontline vision and eye care services need to be included in the primary healthcare services offered at these sites. If optometric services are provided, patients benefit and experience a significant increase in access to critical vision and eye care services.
The pilot program has started at the Alivio Medical Center in the Pilsen neighborhood on Chicago’s South Side. It will expand in several weeks to another Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC), Erie Family Health Center in Humboldt Park. Additional participants are expected to come on board as the program rolls out.

“Alivio has worked diligently for the past several years with the Illinois Eye Institute to access eye care for patients,” said Carmen Velasquez, executive director of Alivio Medical Center. “We, at Alivio, are very pleased with this wonderful collaboration.”

The cost of undiagnosed eye problems is stunning. A report from Prevent Blindness America estimates the total annual impact of eye diseases at $51.4 billion in 2007. The Economic Impact of Vision Problems arrives at the total by citing two studies. The first, by KD Frick, et al, estimates at $35.4 billion annually the financial burden of visual impairment and blindness to individual caregivers and other healthcare payers. The second, by David Rein, et al, estimates the burden of vision problems to the U.S. economy at $16 billion a year.

Early diagnosis and treatment of these illnesses is key to controlling national healthcare costs. Yet, currently, only 20 percent of FQHCs in the U.S. offer optometry services. The pilot is financed by seed grant funding from the Lloyd A. Fry Foundation, The Chicago Community Trust, Alcon Foundation and Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Illinois. The program fills a crucial need because only about five percent of eye care providers in Chicago accept patients who are uninsured or have Medicaid.

As the clinical training facility of the Illinois College of Optometry (ICO), the Illinois Eye Institute will use this initiative to train tomorrow’s doctors how to address the diverse challenges of a patient population that desperately needs preventive eye care. This program gives ICO students a new opportunity to work in the community and treat underserved patients. This philosophy exemplifies ICO leadership within the healthcare community, where medical and dental schools are moving toward deploying students in community health centers to reach underserved patients.

About the Illinois Eye Institute
Illinois Eye Institute (IEI) is the clinical division of the Illinois College of Optometry. IEI is a nonprofit, multi-specialty eye center that provides comprehensive eye care to individuals of all ages from the Chicago area and beyond, regardless of their financial status. It is designed and staffed to meet general ocular health and visual needs and provide highly specialized optical services. The IEI has over 90,000 visits annually from a largely low-income, medically underserved patient population and provides charitable services and outreach programs through its foundation to assist people in need. For more information about the Illinois Eye Institute, visit

Sunday, September 19, 2010

The Brain Needs To Remember Faces In 3-Dimensions

...In our dynamic 3D world, we can encounter a familiar face from any angle and still recognize that face with ease, even if the person has, for example, changed his hair style. This is because our brain has used the 2D snapshots perceived by our eyes (like a camera) to build and store a 3D mental representation of the face, which is resilient to such changes. This is an automatic process that most of us are not consciously aware of, and which appears to be a challenge for people with a particular type of face-blindness, as reported in the September 2010 issue of Elsevier's Cortex.....

Neurons, Faster Than Thought And Able To Multiply

....Using computer simulations of brain-like networks, researchers from Germany and Japan have discovered why nerve cells transmit information through small electrical pulses. Not only allows this the brain to process information much faster than previously thought: single neurons are already able to multiply, opening the door to more complex forms of computing.....

Why Chromosomes Never Tie Their Shoelaces

...In the latest issue of the journal Nature, Miguel Godinho Ferreira, Principal Investigator ... shed light on a paradox that has puzzled biologists since the discovery of telomeres, the protective tips of chromosomes: while broken chromosome ends generated by DNA damage ... are quickly joined together, telomeres are never tied to each other, thus allowing for the correct segregation of the genetic material into all cells in our body. Since telomeres erode in response to the continuous cell divisions in our body, this protective function fades away as we grow older. Complete loss of telomeres results in sticky chromosome-ends that join to each other creating to genetic chaos the very initial steps of cancer. Understanding how the tips of the chromosomes are protected from DNA repair and how the cells respond when they are unprotected will provide insights into the initial stages of tumourgenesis, ageing and future therapeutic interventions.....

Handheld Laser Pointer "Toys" Can Cause Serious Eye Injury

...A 15-year old boy ordered a handheld laser pointer online. He wanted it to pop balloons from a distance and play around with, this included burning holes into paper cards and his sister's shoes. ....The teenager wanted to create a "laser show" - he faced the mirror and zapped laser beams in several directions. Some of the beams hit his eyes and his vision in both eyes blurred immediately. He did not tell his parents for fear of being told off or perhaps causing unnecessary alarm, and hoped the vision problems would go away.....

New Neurological Deficit Behind Lazy Eye Identified By NYU Researchers

...while abnormalities in V1 explain some amblyopic visual problems, they fail to account for the full range of losses suffered by those with amblyopia - including motion perception. ....Their results showed striking changes in neuron activity in MT. ....Normal visual motion perception relies on neurons that integrate information about the position of moving objects as they cross the visual image. The NYU researchers found that this ability to integrate motion information was defective in neurons driven through the affected eye, which might explain the ...deficits in motion perception...."This study shows that amblyopia results from changes in the brain that extend beyond the primary visual cortex..."

Thimerosal (Mercury) In Vaccines Not Linked To Autism, New Research

...A new study has found no association between infant and prenatal exposure to thimerosal, a mercury-containing preservative used in a number of vaccines, and autism. In an article published in the medical journal Pediatrics, the authors wrote that thimerosal in vaccines "does not increase the risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD)". They actually found that children with ASDs had had less exposure to thimerosal-containing vaccines than the children in their study who did not have an ASD.....

Report shows link between poor eye sight, disruptive behaviors

...When Brian Kane was a student, he didn’t complain about his vision because he didn’t know any better....Later, it was discovered he had a binocular vision problem, something that school screening visions never tested for....Kane, who is now an optometrist with offices in Painesville and Willoughby, says this is a problem that occurs frequently with young students and if vision problems go undiagnosed, it could lead to disruptive behaviors and academic failure.....The American Optometric Association has reported that the majority of children identified as “problem learners” suffer from undiagnosed visual problems....While many schools do vision screenings, there are many problems that can still go unnoticed without a complete eye exam from a professional eye doctor.....

International Brain Injury Association

2012 Ninth World Congress on Brain Injury

The International Brain Injury Association is pleased to announce that the Ninth World Congress on Brain Injury will be held March 21-25, 2012, in Edinburgh, Scotland.

The President and the Chair of the IBIA, and the Congress Scientific Planning Committee would like to invite you to attend the Ninth World Congress on Brain Injury, to be held in March 22-25, 2012, in Edinburgh, Scotland at the Edinburgh International Conference Centre.

Most U.S. children receiving recommended vaccinations

...“Despite concerns we’ve seen in the past about parents not getting their children vaccinated and resurgences of vaccine-preventable diseases, we see that most parents are ensuring that their children are receiving vaccines,” said Anne Schuchat, MD, director of the National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases of the CDC, on a conference call announcing the coverage rates. She noted among children aged 19 to 35 months, less than 1% had not received any vaccinations. ...

Ultra-rapid School Vision Screening in Developing Nations Using the Brückner Test

...Prevalence of presenting vision < 6/9 in the urban school was 9.11%. Sensitivity of the Brückner test was 88%, specificity was 98%, predictive value of the positive test was 69%, and predictive value of the negative test was 99%. The specificity and predictive value of the positive test were slightly better with the room lights off. The time required to perform the Brückner test was less than 10 seconds per child....

Cognitive stimulation therapy in the treatment of neuropsychiatric symptoms in Alzheimer's disease: a randomized controlled trial

...Cognitive stimulation therapy has significant efficacy in lowering apathy and depression symptomatology ...

Scans May Aid Early Detection of Dementia, Parkinson's

...people with rapid-eye-movement sleep behavior disorder (IRBD) found that brain imaging tests can detect neurodegenerative disease-related brain abnormalities before a person develops noticeable symptoms....Previous research has shown that IRBD of unknown cause may be an early predictor of neurodegenerative diseases in more than half of patients, but it hasn't been possible to identify which patients will develop these diseases....

New Open Access Journal

Open Access Week