- to examine and diagnose eye diseases such as dry eye, conjunctivitis, glaucoma, cataracts, and retinal diseases and to treat or refer them as is appropriate;
- to diagnose related systemic (bodywide) conditions such as hypertension and diabetes that may affect the eyes;
- to examine, diagnose and treat refractive conditions such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism and presbyopia;
- to examine, diagnose and treat disorders of the binocular vision system such as strabismus, amblyopia, convergence insufficiency, and oculomotor dysfunctions
- to provide optometric vision therapy for disorders of the binocular vision system and learning related vision disorders and
- to prescribe glasses, contact lenses, low vision rehabilitation and medications as well as perform appropriate surgical procedures such as the removal of foreign bodies.
An optometrist is a Doctor of Optometry, an O.D. (Doctors of Medicine, or MDs are NOT Optometrists.). To become an optometrist, one must complete pre-professional undergraduate college education followed by 4 years of professional education in a college of optometry. Many optometrists also do a residency.