Friday, February 25, 2011

Call for Papers: Optometry & Vision Development

Dear Colleagues:

On behalf of the Editorial Staff and the Journal Review Board of Optometry & Vision Development, I would like to take this opportunity to invite you as a recognized authority in the areas of pediatrics, binocular vision and rehabilitative optometry to become an active part of your journal. We encourage you to submit articles to Dr. Dominick M. Maino at

Optometry & Vision Development (OVD) is a scientific and clinically oriented, peer-reviewed publication of the College of Optometrists in Vision Development ( Our readership includes but is not limited to an international audience of Optometrists, Ophthalmologists and Visual Scientists, as well as graduate and post-graduate students in these fields. Lay individuals also have access to our publication since it is now among the many fine, high quality journals that are immediately and freely available online (

OVD publishes Full-Length Original Articles, Technical Reports, Critical Reviews, Case Reports, Editorials, Correspondence to Editor and other articles. Manuscripts must be submitted following the author’s guidelines which are available at . Every article is peer reviewed by 2 to 3 members of the Journal Review Board and the editor.

The last issue of OVD can be reviewed at and includes articles such as Vision Therapy for Sensory Fusion Disruption Syndrome: Two Case Reports and The Need for Better School Vision Screening: The Use of VERA Vision Screening in a Community Setting.

On behalf of the Editorial Staff and the Journal Review Board of OVD,  I thank you for all your efforts that support the journal and look forward to receiving your manuscripts.

Warmest Regards,

Dominick M. Maino, OD, MEd, FAAO, FCOVD-A
Editor, Optometry & Vision Development
Professor, Pediatrics/Binocular Vision
Illinois Eye Institute/Illinois College of Optometry

Do we really know the prevalence of accommodative and nonstrabismic binocular dysfunctions?

Pilar Cacho-Martínez
 ....There is a wide range of prevalence, particularly for accommodative insufficiency (2 %-61.7 %) and convergence insuffi ciency (2.25 %-33 %). More studies are available for children compared with adult. Most of studies examine clinical population (5 studies) with 3 assessed at schools and 1 at University with samples that vary from 65 to 2048 patients. There is great variability regarding the number of diagnostic signs ranging from 1 to 5 clinical signs. We found a relation between the number of clinical signs used and prevalence values for convergence insufficiency although this relationship cannot be confirmed for other conditions.....

About The Journal of Optometry

The Journal of Optometry (JO) is the scientific peer-reviewed publication of the Spanish General Council of Optometry ( Audience of JO includes Optometrists, Ophthalmologists and Visual Scientists as well as undergraduate and post-graduate students in these fields.

The JO publishes Full-Length Original Articles, Technical Reports, Critical Reviews, Case Reports, Editorials, Correspondence to Editor and other Authors. Manuscripts must be submitted in English language irrespective of the native language of the authors. Within each issue, all abstracts will be translated into Spanish by the Editorial Office. Periodically, selected articles from each issue will be also translated into Spanish in order to widespread the scientific knowledge and expand the readership of the journal.
The last issue of JO can be visited at our
free access web site

Comments: The Journal of Optometry is one of those international journals that should be on our reading list. It has a wide variety of articles on many different topics. I like it because they often have articles and research I am particularly interested in (pediatrics, binocular vision, etc). All of the articles are published in English. I would recommend to the editors of this fine publication that a native English speaker review these articles before publication. The word "accomodative" for example should be spelled "accommodative" for the English speaking community. Although this detracts slightly from the quality of the Journal of Optometry's articles, overall this publication is becoming one of those I read frequently. The PDF of the article is available by clicking on the title above. DM
,a, Ángel García-Muñoza, María Teresa Ruiz-Canterob. Do we really know the prevalence of accomodative and nonstrabismic binocular dysfunctions? J Optom. 2010;

Thursday, February 24, 2011

Workplace Learning

I'm always interested in the learning process. This blog provides readers with a daily summary of news, events, commentary, and research on all aspects of workplace learning, including training and development, performance support, job aids, learning technologies, talent management, organizational learning, and adult education. I'll use all the tools I can to help my students be successful, motivated, lifelong seekers of knowledge and will follow this blog carefully. DM

Nearly 1 million children potentially misdiagnosed with ADHD

...Nearly 1 million children in the United States are potentially misdiagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder simply because they are the youngest – and most immature – in their kindergarten class...

Comments: I wonder how many are missed diagnosed if you include those with vision problems that adversely affect attention? DM

Continuing Education at the Illinois College of Optometry

Sunday, February 27, 2011 6 Hours of CE Credit (COPE Approved, 4 Hours Tested)

Speakers: Parag A. Majmudar, MD; Marsha Malooley, OD; Stephanie Klemencic, OD


Update on Collagen Cross Linking for Keratoconus

Optimizing Outcomes in Cataract and Refractive Surgery

How to Be a Contact Lens Superstar

Adverse Ocular Effects of Systemic Pharmaceuticals and Supplements

Time: 9:00 A.M. 4:00 P.M.

Location: ICO Lecture Center 3241 S. Michigan Ave, Chicago, Il 60616

Cost: $180 (non-tested), $210 (tested)

To register call 312-949-7426.

Illinois College of Optometry Faculty Presentations at the AAO

Just wanted to brag a bit more about our faculty. If you see a topic you are interested in, please contact the faculty involved.

Frantz, Kelly A. Binocular Vision Case Management Using Prism 2010
Malooley, Marsha M. Contact Lens Options for Irregular Corneas: Alternatives to RGPs 2010
Teitelbaum, Bruce A. Ocular Surface Disease and Convergence Insufficiency: Overlap of Symptoms 2010
Beckerman, Stephen A. Sports Vision Screening of AAU Junior Olympic Athletes; A Ten Year Follow-Up 2010
Kruoch, Zanna. Correction Of Higher Order Aberrations In A Radial Keratotomy Patient 2010
Frantz, Kelly A. Unilateral Optic Nerve Hypoplasia with Relative Amblyopia Secondary to Anisometropia 2010
Keith, Jordan F. Ocular Ischemic Syndrome in a Monocular Patient: What To Do When There Is Nothing To Do 2010
Jurkus, Janice M. Which Is Better, 2 Or 3? Student Satisfaction: Working In Groups Of 2 Versus 3 In Lab 2010
Opitz, Dominick. Azithromycin 1% Ophthalmic Solution to Treat Posterior Blepharitis 2010
Diehl, Christopher. Persistent Fetal Vasculature: Surgical Co-Management with Optical Coherence Tomography 2010
Maino, Dominick M., Feis, A. Trisomy 8, Turners Syndrome & Triple X: A Case Report 2010
Maino, Dominick M. The 3 D Vision Syndrome: A Case Report 2010
Gunderson, Gary G. Correlation Between Macular Volume and Macular Pigment Density Using Optical Coherence Tomography 2010
Rozwat, Anne. Pupil-Sparing Third Nerve Palsy: Should Imaging Be Done? 2010
Reeder, Renee E. A Comparison of Quality of Life In Patients with Keratoconus and Their Astigmatic Cohorts 2010
Klemencic, Stephanie A. High Definition Oct Characteristics of Chronic Solar Maculopathy 2010
Pang, Yi. Vision Therapy Management for Dissociated Horizontal Deviation 2010
Reeder, Renee E. An Unusual Corneal Presentation Associated with Acquired Porphyria 2010
Mcleod, Heather Mira. Peripheral Neovascularization Response in Cobalamine C Deficiency Associated Retinopathy2010 105948 Matchinski, Tracy. Ocular Signs and Low Vision Rehabilitation of a Patient with Diamond-Blackfan Anemia 2010
Messner, Stephanie S. A New Early Clinical Training Program: Outcomes and Improvement Plans, Year One 2010
Sicks, Lindsay A. Is Visual Acuity Screening with Pediatric Tests Still Valid at a Five Foot Test Distance? 2010
Opitz, Dominick. Incidence of Ocular Surface Disease Pre and Post Glaucoma Therapy 2010
Reeder, Renee E. The Prevalence of Corneal Hydrops in a Keratoconic Population 2010
Monroe, Kacie. Ocular-Motor Performance of Junior Olympic Athletes 2010
Harthan, Jennifer S. Maximizing Visual Acuity in Athletes Via Hybrid and Semi-Scleral Lenses 2010
105222 Block, Sandra S. Comparison of the Welch Allyn Suresight to the Nikon Retinomax In a Screening Setting with Subjects with Intellectual Disability (ID) 2010
Roberts, Daniel K. Evaluation of Body Mass Index, Diabetes, Hypertension, and Smoking In Subjects with the Long Anterior Zonule Trait 2010
Roberts, Daniel K. Detection and Documentation of the Long Anterior Zonule (Laz) Trait: A Potential Risk Factor for Glaucoma and Macular Degeneration 2010
Winters, Janis E. Findings In An Low-Income Uninsured Adult Population From Cook County, Il: Experience of the Vision of Hope Health Alliance 2010
Chaglasian, Michael A. Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada Syndrome with Uveitis and IOP Spike Associated With Durezol™ (Difuprednate Emulsion)0.05%, A New Topical Steroid 2010
Harthan, Jennifer S. Semi-Scleral Lenses Used to Correct Nineteen Diopters of With The Rule Astigmatism Previously Diagnosed As Refractive Amblyopia 2010
Wyles, Elizabeth. Macular Pigment Levels In African American Subjects With and Without Early Age-Related Macular Degeneration: A Case Series 2010
Gerber, Roman. Optometric Professionalism In Online Social Networking 2010

What the usual last eye examination of the day is like...

Illinois College of Optometry: Research, Publications and More!

As you know I am a faculty member at the Illinois College of Optometry. I do not even pretend to be unbiased at ICO and am very proud of all ICO faculty, students, administration and staff . They are an amazing group of's an update on their activities:
Research/Publications/Scholarly Activity
  Ms. Cherie Nau, ICO Class of 2011 will be presenting research at ARVO, Ft.  Lauderdale, FL, May 1-5, 2011, "Circadian variation of aqeous humor dynamics: effects on episcleral venous pressure and uveoscleral outflow" with Arthur Sit, Mehrdad Malihi, and Jay McLaren.  This will be the eleventh presentation at ARVO for Ms. Nau who continues working with vision care specialists from the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, MN.
Additional ARVO posters include: Drs. Allison, Kelly, Saeed, Schlange, Zoltoski and Mss. Knighten and Nau.  "Saccadic and Fixation Control in Relationship to Birth Order" as submitted by co-authors C. Allison and D. Schlange" and  "Assessment of Visual Function with Therapeutic Tinted Contact Lenses in Patients with Albinism." by co-authors F Saeed and D. Schlange.     Drs. Allen and L. Messner publish:  K.M. Galetta, J. Barrett, M. Allen, F. Madda, D. Delicata, A.T. Tennant, C.C. Branas, M.G. Maguire, L.V. Messner, S. Devick, S.L. Galetta, and L.J. Balcer.  The King-Devick test as a determinant of head trauma and concussion in boxers and MMA fighters Neurology WNL.0b013e31821184c9; published ahead of print February 2, 2011.

Students Tara LeBlanc, Anne Neumann and Ujjwal Bagga, made Primary Care Grand Rounds CE presentations.  Ms. LeBlanc presented a case of macular edema associated with macular ischemia (Dr. Erica Ittner, mentor).  Ms. Neumann presented a case of optometric vision therapy in a patient with traumatic brain injury (Drs. Maino and Schlange, mentors).  And, Mr. Bagga presented a case of atypical NAION and small vessel disease (Dr. Wyles, mentor).  Chris Diehl, Sheila Setork and Nick Lillie, also made Primary Care Grand Rounds CE presentations.  Mr. Diehl presented a case of persistent fetal vasculature and the use of OCT (Dr. Bruce Teitelbaum, mentor); Ms. Setork presented a case of hypotony associated with a non-granulomatous uveitis (Dr. Anne Rozwat, mentor); and, Mr. Lillie presented a case of central retinal artery occlusion.

Dr. Robert Donati has accepted an invitation to join the editorial board of the journal BMC Neuroscience as an associate editor.
Darrell Schlange, O.D. and Faheemah Saeed, O.D. have received funding for their reseach project, The benefits of using therapeutic tinted contact lenses in patients with Albinism, and, A Comparison of Two Eye-Tracking Systems and their Protocol for Evaluating Nystagmus Eye-Movements
Dr. David Lee received the 4th Annual CitiBank Illinois Chinese Heritage Award.
Serivice to the Profession/Community
Dr. Dominick Maino was quoted in "3D: The not so new technology", written for The Lance (Winipeg, ON) by Paul Breschuk, Features Editor.
Dr. Dominick Maino has been appointed to the Bausch + Lomb's Vision Care's Global Medical Affairs Advisory Board in Rochester, New York; to the American Optometric Association: 3D Classroom Project Team and is the AOA's Public Information Spokesperson on 3D Vision Syndrome.
Dr. Kent Daum has been appointed to the ASCO Attributes Task Force

Wednesday, February 23, 2011

Energy Drinks Can Harm Children

.....Energy drinks may pose a risk for serious adverse health effects in some children, especially those with diabetes, seizures, cardiac abnormalities or mood and behavior disorders.....

How Neural Rhythm Processing Shapes The Way We Communicate

.....Rhythm, as the recurrent patterning of events in time, underlies most human behavior such as speech, music, and body movements....

Why "Honest Abe" Couldn't Look You Straight In The Eye And Other Eyesight Challenges Of U.S. Presidents

.....Abraham "Honest Abe" Lincoln actually couldn't look a person straight in the eye, because he had strabismus....America's 25th president, Theodore Roosevelt, was a Rough Rider and adventurer, and his move into the White House hardly slowed him down. In one of his many boxing matches while president, Roosevelt received a blow to the head that some sources say left him partially blind in his left eye......Woodrow Wilson was shocked to awaken one morning in 1906, seven years before he became the 27th president, and find himself nearly blind in his right eye.....

Vision, reading, brain

...The portion of the brain responsible for visual reading doesn't require vision at all, ... Brain imaging studies of blind people as they read words in Braille show activity in precisely the same part of the brain that lights up when sighted readers read. The findings challenge the textbook notion that the brain is divided up into regions that are specialized for processing information coming in via one sense or another,....

Hand Movements In Children With ADHD Hold Clues To Understanding And Predicting Symptom Severity

.....Two research studies ... found markers for measuring the ability of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) to control impulsive movements, which may reveal insights into the neurobiology of ADHD, inform prognosis and guide treatments.....

Infants' eye view: Contact lenses versus IOLs for aphakia

...For aphakic infants, contact lenses may provide equally good acuity with fewer complications, ....while there was no difference in visual acuity at 1 year, there tended to be a need for additional surgeries in infants who received IOLs.....

Babies and Toddlers Can Suffer Mental Illness, Seldom Get Treatment

....Infants and toddlers can suffer serious mental health disorders, yet they are unlikely to receive treatment that could prevent lasting developmental problems. l problems,...

Comments: Really?  I find this hard to believe and tend towards thinkng some docs want to start psychotherapy on infants for fiscal gain. Remember recoverd memories....what a bunch of baloney! DM

Using EEGs to Diagnose Autism Spectrum Disorders in Infants

.....In a pilot study, their system had 80 percent accuracy in distinguishing between 9-month-old infants known to be at high risk for autism from controls of the same age.....

Cellphone use affects brain activity

....The scientists found that metabolism in the brain region closest to the antenna — in the orbitofrontal cortex and temporal pole — was about 7% higher when the cellphone was on. The orbitofrontal cortex of the brain — one of the two areas that lit up on the scans — isn't linked to a single function, .... "It's broadly associated with emotion, sense of smell, memory, eating, aggression — a whole range of behaviors. It's like an orchestra conductor instead of just an individual musician with specific task."....The temporal area is critical to language and memory, ....

Dr. & Mrs. Dominick M. Maino Visiting Professor, Richard London, OD, MA, FAAO

The next Dr. & Mrs. Dominick M. Maino Visiting Professor is Richard London, OD, MA, FAAO, professor of optometry at the Pacific University College of Optometry. Dr. London, who has a special interest in rehabilitative optometry, pediatric optometry, binocular vision dysfunctions and perceptual anomalies, will be on the ICO campus from April 6-10. The Visiting Professor makes presentations to faculty, students and residents, as well as gives continuing education lectures at ICO. This program is supported by an endowment fund established by Dr. Maino and his wife, Sylvia, and by ICO's Continuing Education Program. 

ICO  Visiting Professors in the past included Drs. Len Press, Ken Ciuffreda and Mitch Schieman.

Contact the Illinois College of Optometry about the CE program on Sunday April 10th.  Click here.

Tuesday, February 22, 2011

InfantSee Video: Have your baby's eyes evaluated at no cost.

The American Optometric Association InfantSee program offers no cost evaluations of your little one who is 6-12 months of age. Vision is a most precious gift...even during the 1st few months of life. Please make sure your child can see. DM

Rep. Giffords: Incident Raises Awareness on Vision Problems

...Rep. Gabrielle Gifford’s miraculous survival has raised awareness of traumatic brain injuries, but despite regular reports on her physical improvements, very little is known or reported about her level of visual impairment. Post Traumatic Vision Syndrome occurs in an estimated 50% or more of cases, when the brain is injured by trauma, stroke or brain tumors since eighty percent of the brain is related to vision. ....“Vision is the process of deriving meaning from what is seen,” explains Elise Brisco, O.D., California Optometric Association spokesdoctor and co-founder of the Rehabilitative Vision Clinic at Cedar Sinai Medical Center. “You need to see correctly to function correctly because the eyes guide the hands and body. Many brain injured patients feel spatially disoriented. Some experience difficulty with walking, fine motor control and diminished cognitive abilities. ...

Comments: Find an optometrist who can help by going to the NORA or COVD websites. DM

3D VISION: Doctors say you may need to train your brain to watch movies and television in three dimension

Watch this news video:

...If you're headed to the movies this weekend, doctors have some advice before you sit down for a 3D flick. From movies to TV and even video games, you'll find 3D just about everywhere. But, as the technology advances, experts say our eyes may need to do the same....

Comments: This is a pretty good news video except for the part where the doctor says " younger than six should avoid 3D...." Most experts agree that at this point there is no evidence to support the theory that 3D harms children age 6 or younger. In fact, if children have an intact visual system they should have little to no problems viewing 3D. The only way to find out for sure is to take your children to an optometrist who can assess binocular vision function. These doctors can be found at the AOA and COVD websites. DM

Optometric Vision Therapy in Adults with Convergence Insufficiency

...Convergence peak velocity was significantly slower in CI subjects compared with controls, which may result in asthenopic complaints reported by the CI subjects. Vision therapy was associated with and may have evoked clinical and cortical activity changes. ...

The Doctor OZ show: What Causes Autism.

According to the Dr. Oz show:

One in every 110 children born in the US will be diagnosed with autism. Dr. Oz, a panel of experts and pediatricians, and an audience of families living with this diagnosis discuss the issue during a heated and emotional debate. Here, 3 families share their stories and their struggles.

Click here to watch Part 1: What causes autism.
Click here to watch Part 2: Are vaccines to blame?
Click here to watch Part 3: Pediatricians discuss where they stand on vaccines.
Click here to watch Part 4: Dr. Oz reveals what he did for his own children.
Click here to watch Part 5: The role of environmental risk factors.
Click here to watch Part 6: Older mothers and autism – is there a link?
Click here to watch Part 7: Warning signs every parent should know.

More information:

Click here for the recommended immunization schedule from the American Academy of Pediatrics.
Click here to read an excerpt on the signs of autism from Dr. Ari Brown’s book Toddler 411. Dr. Brown is an official spokesperson for the American Academy of Pediatrics.
Click here to learn more about early detection and intervention for autism spectrum disorders.

Not from the Dr. Oz show:
Click here for open access articles concerning autism and vision in Optometry & Vision Development. DM

Stravinsky’s Rite of Spring 3D

Single, clear, comfortable, and binocular vision now a requirement at Symphony Hall concert:

Stravinsky’s Rite of Spring 3D, a spectacular fusion of technical innovation, live orchestral performance, digital technology and contemporary dance takes place at Symphony Hall on Thursday 21 April 2011, promising one of the most memorable audience experiences of the UK’s cultural calendar this year.....Nine stereoscopic cameras simulating human binocular vision will feed the on-stage movements...This system will in turn will generate and project 3D content on to a giant silver lenticular screen positioned above the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra....

Comment: Want to enjoy music? Make sure you have good binocular vision! DM

Eye problems often the reason why kids cause disruption in classroom

Eyecare news from Ireland!
....Children who become disruptive in class or start falling behind in their schoolwork are usually labelled as dyslexic or as suffering from Attention Deficit Disorder but more often than not it may be a simple case of poor vision....Research has shown that there is a strong relationship between vision and dyslexia and learning difficulties but an ordinary eye examination screening may not help as it concentrates on shortsightedness and doesn’t look into the effects of binocular vision or reading....

Blacks' higher cerebral palsy risk, birth weight tied

...Black infants have a somewhat higher risk of cerebral palsy, ... and the increase appears to be tied to their greater likelihood of being born underweight....

Weekly Iron Supplementation for the Prevention of Anemia in Pre-school Children: A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Trial

...After intervention, anemia prevalence reduced only in the intervention group, from 48.0% to 26.0%. .... Weekly iron supplementation was effective in reducing anemia in 5-year-olds....

New jJurnal from PubMed

The following new journal from Hindawi has been added to PubMed Central:

Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
ISSN: 1748-670X (print) 1748-6718 (electronic)
Archive includes: v. 2011(2011)
Note: There is no embargo delay for this title.