Sunday, December 21, 2014

Autism & Pollution

".....Pregnant women may nearly double their risk of giving birth to a child with autism by inhaling smog spewed by vehicles or smoke stacks, according to a new Harvard study that could help unlock the deepest autism mysteries.
The research, released Thursday, fortifies previous scientific findings that linked air pollution to autism. And it offers fresh insights by showing women in their third trimesters seem most vulnerable if they breathe in elevated levels of tiny airborne particles emitted by power plants, fires and automobiles.....".
The story on NBC is here....

Tuesday, December 16, 2014

Children with Down syndrome benefit from bifocals as evidenced by increased compliance with spectacle wear

Children with Down syndrome benefit from bifocals as evidenced by increased compliance with spectacle wear


"...In our study cohort, the addition of bifocal segments improved compliance with spectacle wear in children with Down syndrome...."













Comment: Not only should children with Down syndrome be given a multifocal lens, but when you do so, the children are much more likely to wear the glassess successfully! Give them glasses with an add! Always set the seg height high enoungh so that the individual can easily use the add for his/her daily activities.

Glasses specifically for children with Down syndrone can be found here: http://www.specs4us.com/

Thursday, November 27, 2014

Marketing rather than medicine may have led to a global surge in ADHD diagnosis

Marketing rather than medicine may have led to a global surge in ADHD diagnosis


"....You can't catch attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Yet the diagnosis and treatment of this behavioral condition is spreading like a contagion -- surging as much as tenfold in some countries.
Call it an economic and cultural plague, but not necessarily a medical one, says Brandeis professor Peter Conrad. In a recent paper in the journal Social Science and Medicine, Conrad and coauthor Meredith Bergey examined the growth of ADHD in the United Kingdom, Germany, France, Italy and Brazil....."
Comment: Read more by clicking the title above. Abstract of article here: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277953614006650



Wednesday, November 26, 2014

White matter in the older brain is more plastic than in the younger brain

White matter in the older brain is more plastic than in the younger brain

Those brains that are chronologically enhanced can learn new things too!

".............Visual perceptual learning (VPL) with younger subjects is associated with changes in functional activation of the early visual cortex. Although overall brain properties decline with age, it is unclear whether these declines are associated with visual perceptual learning. Here we use diffusion tensor imaging to test whether changes in white matter are involved in VPL for older adults. After training on a texture discrimination task for three daily sessions, both older and younger subjects show performance improvements. While the older subjects show significant changes in fractional anisotropy (FA) in the white matter beneath the early visual cortex after training, no significant change in FA is observed for younger subjects. These results suggest that the mechanism for VPL in older individuals is considerably different from that in younger individuals and that VPL of older individuals involves reorganization of white matter............"


Tuesday, November 25, 2014

Visual and Vestibular Connections

Visual and Vestibular Connections


At the COVD Annual Meeting in San Diego, Dr. Baxtrom presented a lecture entitled “How to Vestibularly Make Optometric Vision Therapy More Effective.” In therapy, many of us incorporate the vestibular system without even thinking about it. Dr. Baxtrom shared the science behind the visual and vestibular systems and how to enhance the connection to improve therapy.

Read more about this on the COVD blog by clicking here: https://covdblog.wordpress.com/2014/11/25/visual-and-vestibular-connections/

Monday, November 17, 2014

Office-based Vision Therapy for Improving Reading and Attention in Children With Convergence Insufficiency (CITT-ART)




Office-based Vision Therapy for Improving Reading and Attention
 in Children With Convergence Insufficiency (CITT-ART)


The CITT-ART study is the first of its kind clinical trial to take a look at vision therapy and academic performance. For decades optometrists who provide vision therapy have reported that parents frequently said academic performance improved after a successful vision therapy program was completed. This study will help us take a closer look at this and we need YOUR help!

The CITT-ART study needs subjects who want to participate and perhaps, make history in the process. For more information go to

Clinical Trials Gov

To sign up for to see if you contact

Contact: Mitchell Scheiman, OD   215-780-1427    mscheiman@salus.edu
Contact: Karen Pollack                  215-276-6053    kpollack@salus.edu

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02207517

Additional  links for information about this study:

http://covdblog.wordpress.com/2014/11/17/action-action-we-want-action-citt-art/

http://vtworks.wordpress.com/2014/11/17/a-sit-down-with-dr-mitch-scheiman1/

http://visionhelp.wordpress.com/2014/11/13/cittart/


Video on Convergence Insufficiency






PowerPoint Presentation about Convergence Insufficiency:


If you are going to re-post this to Social Media, please use

#CITT-ART















Thursday, November 13, 2014

AOA Call for Posters for Optometry's Meeting 2015


Deadline: February 6, 2015


The American Optometric Association is pleased to invite your participation in the Clinical and Scientific Poster Session at the 2015 Optometry’s Meeting®

The poster session will have a preview session on Friday, June 26, 2015 (10:00am-6:00pm) and an interactive session on Saturday, June 27, 2015 from 11:00am-2:00pm, where presenters must be present.

The AOA Poster Session will offer CE credit on Saturday, June 27, 2015. Attendees wishing to spend an uninterrupted one- or two-hours viewing the interactive poster session (11:00am-2:00pm) will be able to receive the appropriate one or two hour CE credit. Please note that CE credit will be offered only during the Saturday interactive session (11:00am-2:00pm) and authors must be present.
Abstracts based on unique clinical cases and all aspects of optometric research are currently being accepted. All case reports and research must be complete and unpublished at the time of submission. All abstracts must be submitted electronically via online submission by February 6, 2015.

New this year! The top 5 posters will be selected to participate in an interactive education session at Optometry's Meeting on Saturday, June 27 from 8am - 10am. Each presenter will be paid an additional honorarium to participate in this rapid-fire session featuring 15-20 minutes of presentation per author. The top 5 posters will also be featured in AOA Focus.

POSTER SELECTION CRITERIA AND REQUIREMENTS
Authors will be notified by e-mail of the acceptance of their poster by mid-March. Acceptance will be based on the following criteria:
  1. All abstracts must meet the following requirements:
    1. Primary authors must be a member of the AOA in order to be an Optometry’s Meeting® Poster Presenter.
    2. The complete abstract must be submitted online by February 7, 2014.
    3. A primary author may only submit 3 posters total, any posters exceeding this amount will not be considered.
    4. The abstract must follow the format example explicitly, (see links below) or disqualification will occur.
    5. The abstract submission form must be filled out completely; otherwise the entry will be disqualified.
    6. The abstract must be no more than 350 words (not including title and authors), all abstracts over this word count will be disqualified.
    7. The information conveyed must be of sufficient general interest to the optometric community.
    8. The abstract must be clear, concise, and well-written in anticipation of publication.
    9. The abstract must contain sufficient detail for evaluation.
  2. Scientific abstracts must meet the following additional requirements:
    1. The abstract must be based on original and previously unpublished research.
    2. The abstract must describe a scientific investigation of the idea or product being studied.
    3. The abstract must demonstrate a clear and soundly tested hypothesis.
    4. The conclusions in the abstract must appear to be justified by the results presented.
    5. The abstract must contain evidence of a significant, new result and the significance must be clear from the abstract.
    6. The abstract must contain more than just preliminary results.
  3. Case report abstracts must meet the following additional requirements:
    1. The case report must highlight timely or essential information, not just a review of information already in the literature.
    2. The case report must be unique-if two similar case reports are submitted, a choice may be made between the two to maximize diversity in the poster program.
    3. The case report must demonstrate complete follow-through of patient care.
    4. The clinical significance of the case report must be clear from the abstract.
  4. Informational abstracts must meet the following additional requirements:
    1. The topic must be deemed appropriate for presentation at Optometry’s Meeting®. Topics appropriate for informational posters include, but are not limited to, information about AOA programs or sections.
    2. Informational posters may not contain product or service advertisements.

SELECTED POSTERS- BENEFITS

The primary author of posters that are selected for the 2015 Optometry’s Meeting® is entitled to the following benefits:
  1. $100 total travel grant (this excludes informational posters)
  2. Abstract will be included in an AOA digital supplement to be promoted on aoa.org and in AOA Focus.
  3. New this year! The top 5 posters will be selected to participate in an interactive education session at Optometry's Meeting on Saturday, June 27 from 8am - 10am.  The poster author must be willing to give an oral presentation with powerpoint regarding their poster. Each presenter will be paid an additional $150 honorarium to participate in this rapid-fire session featuring 15-20 minutes of presentation per author. The top 5 posters will also be featured in AOA Focus.

Please note that authors of selected posters will be responsible for hotel & transportation costs, fees for participation in Continuing Education courses, and all other fees associated with attendance at Optometry’s Meeting®. Posters are peer-reviewed and only those that meet the acceptance criteria will be selected for presentation.

PUBLICATION OF ABSTRACTS
Accepted posters will be published in an AOA digital supplement that will be promoted to AOA members and the profession. The supplement will be featured on aoa.org and also be included in an article in AOA Focus magazine following Optometry's Meeting.

ATTENDING THE POSTER SESSION
Authors must arrive at Optometry’s Meeting® in time to set up their posters on Friday, June 26, 2015 between 7:00am and 10:00am, and must present their poster at the interactive session on Saturday, June 27, 2015 from 11:00am until 2:00pm.

POSTER SPECIFICATIONS
The AOA will be using a 48” high X 96” wide Velcro pushpin-receptive display. All text on the poster should be in type no smaller than 18 pt. and must be legible from a distance of about 4-5 feet. Each illustration should contain a caption.

IMPORTANT DATES
Submission deadline
February 6, 2015
Notification of acceptance
Mid March 2015
2015 Optometry’s Meeting®
June 24- June 28, 2015
Poster Set-up
June 26, 2015 7:00am-10:00am
Poster Session Preview
June 26, 2015 10:00am-6:00pm
Rapid-Fire CE Course Featuring Top 5 Poster Presenters
June 28, 2014 8:00am-10:00am
Interactive Poster Session offering CE Credit
June 28, 2014 11:00am-2:00pm

CONTACT INFORMATION

Mail
American Optometric Association
Attn: Stacy Harris
243 N. Lindbergh Blvd.
St. Louis, MO 63141
Telephone
(800) 365-2219 ext. 4254
Fax
(314) 991-4101
Email

Dominick M. Maino OD, MEd, FAAO, FCOVD-A; Poster Abstract Committee, Chair

How do things look to people with colorblindness or cataracts?

How do things look to people with colorblindness or cataracts?

Ever wonder what folks with color deficiency see? Check out this simulator by clicking the title above. DM

Wednesday, November 12, 2014

Headaches may be associated with binocular visual, accommodative insufficiency in children

Headaches may be associated with binocular visual, accommodative insufficiency in children

".......Only 7.5% of children with normal visual function reported headaches at least “fairly often” as compared to 21.4% of children with a binocular vision disorder or an accommodative insufficiency, the poster said. Another 25.5% of children with disorder reported “sometimes” experiencing headaches with near work vs. only 15% of children with normal vision function......"

Comments: Headaches ARE associated with BV problems....at least as a clinician, this is what we often encounter in practice! DM


Tuesday, November 11, 2014

Autism research study finds treatment in infants removes symptoms

Autism research study finds treatment in infants removes symptoms


".....Autism treatment in the first year of life removes the disabling delay before most children are diagnosed, according to a pilot research study conducted at the UC Davis MIND Institute.
“Infant Start” in infants as young as 6 months old – significantly reduces symptoms so that by age 3 most who received the therapy had neither autism nor delay.
The treatment was administered over a six-month period to 6- to 15-month-old infants who exhibited marked autism symptoms, such as decreased eye contact, social interest or engagement, and a lack of intentional communication.
The treatment was delivered the baby’s parents.
The study was authored by Sally J. Rogers and Sally Ozonoff , UC Davis professors of psychiatry and behavioral sciences. It is published online today in the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders....."
Comments: Click on title above to see video. DM