Vision therapy has been successful in reducing visual symptoms experienced by patients with sensorimotor visual deficits since the early twentieth century. Recently, there has been a surge of scientific research in the area of neuroplasticity demonstrating physiological changes evident following rehabilitation in those with traumatic brain injury. This research has revealed changes to the brain after therapy in the areas of language and motor function, which could also apply to vision rehabilitation. This article provides an overview of the concept of neuroplasticity, along with the contemporary research, which supports the importance of top-down, visual information processing in optometric vision therapy. Based upon this neuroplasticity research, a template will be proposed to assist the vision rehabilitation practitioner in developing protocols and enhancing vision therapy procedures to address visual processing deficits as a result of traumatic brain injury more effectively.
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