Saturday, March 6, 2010

English Language Lunacy

This is too good not to publish here. DM

English Language Lunacy

We'll begin with a box, and the plural is boxes,
But the plural of ox becomes oxen, not oxes.
One fowl is a goose, but two are called geese,
Yet the plural of moose should never be meese.
You may find a lone mouse or a nest full of mice,
Yet the plural of house is houses, not hice.

If the plural of man is always called men,
Why shouldn't the plural of pan be called pen?
If I speak of my foot and show you my feet,
And I give you a boot, would a pair be called beet?
If one is a tooth and a whole set are teeth,
Why shouldn't the plural of booth be called beeth?

Then one may be that, and three would be those,
Yet hat in the plural would never be hose,
And the plural of cat is cats, not cose.
We speak of a brother and also of brethren,
But though we say mother, we never say methren.
Then the masculine pronouns are he, his and him,
But imagine the feminine: she, shis and shim!

Let's face it “ English is a crazy language.
There is no egg in eggplant nor ham in hamburger;
Neither apple nor pine in pineapple.
English muffins weren't invented in England.

We take English for granted, but if we explore its paradoxes,
we find that quicksand can work slowly,
boxing rings are square,
and a guinea pig is neither from Guinea nor is it a pig.
And why is it that writers write but fingers don't fing,
Grocers don't groce and hammers don't ham?
If teachers taught, why don't preachers praught?
If a vegetarian eats vegetables, what does a humanitarian eat?

Sometimes I think that all the folks who
grew up speaking English should be
committed to an asylum for the verbally insane.
In what other language do people:
Recite at a play and play at a recital?
We ship by truck but send cargo by ship.
We have noses that run and feet that smell.
We park in a driveway and drive in a parkway.
And how can a slim chance and a fat chance be the same,
while a wise man and a wise guy are opposites?

You have to marvel at the unique lunacy of a language
in which your house can burn up as it burns down,
in which you fill in a form by filling it out,
and in which an alarm goes off by going on.

And, in closing, if Father is Pop, how come Mother's not Mop?

I wish I knew who wrote this....I would give them appropriate credit! If you know, let me know. Thanks. DM

Mutual eye gaze facilitates person categorization for typically developing children, but not for children with autism.

...These findings suggest that difficulties in gaze processing in autism extend beyond sociocommunicative inferences to include basic person-perception judgments....

Brain Map Reveals Secret of Intelligence

...The map reveals that intelligence -- rather than residing in a single structure -- is built by a network of regions across both sides of the brain....

Intelligence Quotient in Patients with Congenital Strabismus

...Patients with congenital strabismus assessed in this study had lower mean IQ levels than the normal population. ...

Shingles of the eye tied to stroke risk

...People who have had an attack of shingles involving the eyes may have a heightened risk of stroke for a year afterward...

Chocolate May Make Some Strokes Less Likely

...a Harvard study finds that a couple of squares of dark chocolate a day might reduce the risk of a hemorrhagic stroke, by 52 percent.....

Smoking Linked to Eye Inflammation

...Yet another reason to quit cigarettes: a history of smoking appears to be a risk factor for uveitis, a retrospective, ....Patients at a single uveitis clinic were more likely to report past or current smoking than patients without ocular inflammation (35.5% versus 23.6%, ....

Screening athletes with Down syndrome for ocular disease.

..... This study confirmed the findings of prior studies in identifying a significant presence of uncorrected refractive errors and ocular pathology in the Down syndrome population. Screening with the Lea symbol chart found borderline sufficient sensitivity and specificity for the test to be used for screening in this population. The better sensitivity and specificity of the CVA, if adjusted normative values are utilized, appear to make this test sufficient for testing Down syndrome children for identifying both refractive errors and ocular pathology. .....

Thursday, March 4, 2010

ADHD Symptoms: How ADHD Differs in Boys & Girls

...ADHD Symptoms in Boys and Girls

"Boys are more likely to be diagnosed -- three boys to every girl," says Marjorie Montague, PhD, professor of special education at the University of Miami. "No one knows if it is more common in boys or just more likely to be diagnosed in them. It may just be that boys are referred more commonly by teachers," says Montague, whose research focuses on learning disabilities and emotional/behavioral disorders....

Comments: No where is it mentioned that many children with ADHD have vision problems and that many of those children with vision problems have attentional issues similar to ADHD. Sad. If you have a child diagnosed with ADHD please schedule this child to have a comprehensive eye examination soonest. DM

InfantSee Video

Effectiveness of early in comparison to late(r) treatment in children with amblyopia or its risk factors: a systematic review.

...Uncertainties remain about the age at which treatment for amblyopia or its risk factors is most effective. Beside methodological limitations, the design of the studies made it challenging to address this question sufficiently....

Comments:Badly designed studies. We would not need these studies if ALL children had their first eye examination between the ages of 6-12 months like the InfantSee program recommends....and then re-examine these children every year to two to make sure all stays well....or to provide the earliest possible intervention. Vision screening is not sufficienct. Only a comprehensive eye examination will do. DM

Among 12- to 24-month old children who view educational baby videos, there does not appear to be evidence that overall general language learning impro

...Based on the current evidence, if a single screening session is used, screening at school entry could be the most efficient screening moment. Between researchers, however, there still exists a lot of controversy on the benefit of visual screening....

Comments: That's strange. Another similar study you can find on this blog will tell you that the research on vision screening is so poor that they could not come up with a conclusion on the value of doing screenings. The value should be placed on conducting comprehensive eye examinations on ALL children! Aren't they worth it?! DM

Infants Do Not Appear To Learn Words From Educational DVDs

...Among 12- to 24-month old children who view educational baby videos, there does not appear to be evidence that overall general language learning improves or that words featured in the programming are learned...

Brain Implant Reveals The Neural Patterns Of Attention

...A paralyzed patient implanted with a brain-computer interface device has allowed scientists to determine the relationship between brain waves and attention....Characteristic activity patterns known as beta and delta oscillations have been observed in various regions of the brain since the early 20th century, and have been theoretically associated with attention....

Nouns And Verbs Are Learned In Different Parts Of The Brain

..."Learning nouns activates the left fusiform gyrus, while learning verbs switches on other regions (the left inferior frontal gyrus and part of the left posterior medial temporal gyrus)"...

In Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, A Mother's Sensitivity May Help Language Growth

....maternal sensitivity (and primarily, sensitive structuring) was more predictive of language growth among toddlers developing autism than among children who did not go on to an autism diagnosis. One possible explanation is that children with autism may be more dependent on their environment to learn certain skills that seem to come more naturally to other children. ...

Integrated eye care model can help with possible shortage of ophthalmologists

Richard L. Lindstrom, MD says, "Integrated eye care model can help with possible shortage of ophthalmologists."

and then goes on to say that to solve this ophthalmology shortage we need to "... hire care extenders to help in the office. The certified ophthalmic assistant, ophthalmic technician and ophthalmic medical technologist immediately come to mind. In our practice every ophthalmologist in the clinic is supported by three or four of these valuable employees, allowing us to see eight to 12 patients an hour rather than four to six."

Of course, the primary eye care provider to all of the United States is the Optometrist and not the ophthalmologist....he goes on to state: "the obvious answer, to me, is to engage our optometric colleagues in a care delivery model that is collegial, collaborative, professionally fulfilling and very efficient in providing a large volume of quality care. I have termed this approach the Ophthalmologist Lead Integrated Eyecare Delivery model, or OLIED model of eye care..."

Ophthalmologist lead? When does the "specialist" lead anything in medicine? It is usually the primary care practitioner that leads. He/she does the basic workup and only then does the specialist come into play if needed. This is the cost effective way medicine works in all other areas.

There is no shortage of ophthalmologists (OMDs). If anything there are too many OMDs for the amount of eye disease in the current population.

Optometrists diagnose and treat glaucoma, dry eye, conjuntivitis, and many other anterior segment eye diseases. We diagnose and treat a wide range of refractive disorders. We diagnose and treat binocular vision problems and learning related vision problems.

We don't need more ophthalmologists. We certainly don't need them leading any "team", when such a team should be lead by primary eye care doctors (optometrists). So Dr. Lindstrom...your ideas may indeed have merit...but your organizational chart needs improving....Also...if you think your patients want you to cram in 12 patients an hour instead of 6....well, let's patients want to spend a little more time with the doc or a lot less? Some docs hardly listen to their patients did say something about "quality" eye care right? DM

Comparison of normal and amblyopic retinas by optical coherence tomography in children

...Retinas of eyes with ametropic amblyopia have a more considerable retinal thickness than in a normal eye, at least in some areas. The severity of amblyopia and gender are factors of interaction, not of confounding....

14 Things You Might Not Know About Aspirin

Optometry and Vision Science Online

Optometry and Vision Science: Published Ahead-of-Print

Profile and Frequency of Microbial Contamination of Contact Lens Cases

Pathogenesis of Contact Lens-Associated Microbial Keratitis

Applications of Adaptive Optics Scanning Laser Ophthalmoscopy

Dynamic Regulation of Barrier Integrity of the Corneal Endothelium

Item Banking: A Generational Change in Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement

Hereditary and Environmental Contributions to Emmetropization and Myopia

Mechanisms of Photoreceptor Death During Retinal Degeneration
Fletcher, Erica L.

Enhancing Visual Performance for People with Central Vision Loss

Molecular Mechanisms of Keratinizing Ocular Surface Disease

Evaluation of Image Quality Metrics for the Prediction of Subjective Best Focus

The Conversion of Bulbar Redness Grades Using Psychophysical Scaling

Effect of Examiner Experience and Technique on the Alternate Cover Test

Alternative Methods of Refraction: A Comparison of Three Techniques

The Usefulness of Waveform Score from the Ocular Response Analyzer

Peripapillary Schisis with Serous Detachment in Advanced Glaucoma

Proptosis in Dysthyroid Ophthalmopathy: A Case Series of 10,931 Japanese Cases

Robert M. Lockwood and George A. Rogers, Early Twentieth Century Optometry Authors

Monday, March 1, 2010

Brain-Controlled Cursor Doubles As A Neural Workout

...Harnessing brain signals to control keyboards, robots or prosthetic devices is an active area of medical research. Now a rare peek at a human brain hooked up to a computer shows that the two can adapt to each other quickly, and possibly to the brain's benefit. ...

What Is Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)?

...Traumatic brain injury, also known as TBI or intracranial injury, is generally the result of a sudden, violent blow or jolt to the head. The brain is launched into a collision course with the inside of the skull, resulting in possible bruising of the brain, tearing of nerve fibers and bleeding....

The Brain Forgets Things On Purpose When Learning

...Scientists have known that newly acquired, short-term memories are often fleeting. But a new study in flies suggests that kind of forgetfulness doesn't just happen. Rather, an active process of erasing memories may in some ways be as important as the ability to lay down new memories, say researchers who reported their findings in the February 19th issue of the journal Cell, a publication of Cell Press. ...

Mild Traumatic Brain Injury, Not So Mild After All

....Although mild TBI affects over 1 million people each year in the United States, it is generally ignored as a major health issue. However, this 'mild' form of injury induces persisting neurological and cognitive problems in many of these patients, exacting an enormous emotional and financial toll on society. ...

Comments: All TBI affects our visual system. If you've had even a mild head injury...get evaluated now! DM

Music Training Enhances Brainstem Sensitivity To Speech Sounds

...Playing an instrument may help youngsters better process speech in noisy classrooms and more accurately interpret the nuances of language that are conveyed by subtle changes in the human voice," says Nina Kraus, Hugh Knowles Professor of Neurobiology, Physiology and Communication Sciences at Northwestern University.

Old-Age Vision Problems Linked to Dementia

...Untreated vision problems in older age are associated with an increased risk of decline in cognitive function and Alzheimer's disease...

Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development

Video Games May Aid Stroke Recovery

...Playing Nintendo's Wii improved motor function in patients who had suffered a stroke, without causing any safety concerns, a small, proof-of-principle study showed. ...

The rise of 3-D.

Did you enjoy “Rottweiler”? How about “Bwana Devil” or “Black Lolita”? Maybe you preferred “International Stewardesses,” although you might know it under the more thoughtful title of “Supersonic Supergirls.” You will not need reminding that these are among the crowning achievements of three-dimensional cinema: its “Grand Illusion,” its “Psycho,” its “8½.” There are people who track down rare 3-D screenings of “Comin’ at Ya!” and “The Disco Dolls in Hot Skin” the way regular buffs flock to a new print of “The Searchers” or dream of the lost, unbutchered portions of von Stroheim’s “Greed.” For those who have kept faith with 3-D, and have withstood the taunts of skeptics over the decades, no illusion has been grander, or harder to attain.

...Transplanting fetal neurons into the brains of young mice opens a new window on neural plasticity, or flexibility in the brain’s neural circuits. The research, published today in the journal Science, suggests that the brain’s ability to radically adapt to new situations might not be permanently lost in youth, and helps to pinpoint the factors needed to reintroduce this plasticity....

esearchers expanding GTA’s capacity for 3D film production

...“Vergence is a basic mechanism of binocular vision,” says Wilcox. “Normally, simultaneously moving both eyes maintains single vision: we cross our eyes to look at near objects (convergence) and move them apart to look at far objects (divergence). This process doesn’t happen when viewing conventional 2D film because both eyes see exactly the same image. But in 3D film, the illusion of depth allows a viewer to look into the scene and converge their eyes on objects at different depths. We want to know if we can control a viewer’s attention by changing how the 3D images are aligned. Are there techniques that will reduce the discomfort that viewing 3D images prompts in some individuals? How should 3D images be constructed to scale differently for display on screens ranging from an IMAX to a television set to a handheld device? These are some of the questions 3D FLIC will explore...

Comments: More 3D movies coming your way! DM

International Congress of Behavioral Optometry Poster Program

All posters will be displayed with authors present for Q&A Wednesday 5:00 - 7:00 PM in the exhibit hall. Posters will be displayed throughout the meeting outside of the exhibit hall for additional access after that time.

Does Socio-economic Status Influence Vision Screening Failure Follow-Up Rates?
Jim Venable, OD, FCOVD, Marc B. Taub, OD, FCOVD, FAAO, Jake Schmitt, BS

Socio-economic Status Does Not Correlate With the COVD-QOL
Robyn Russell, OD, Marc B. Taub, OD, FAAO, FCOVD, Janna Iyer, BS

Normative Developmental Values of Randot Stereoacuity in Children and Young Adults.
Marc B. Taub, OD, FAAO, FCOVD

Southern College of Optometry Pediatric and Vision Therapy Residencies
Marc B. Taub, OD, FAAO, FCOVD, Cheryl Ervin, OD

Direction Discrimination Training Removes Timing Deficits in the Dorsal Pathway that Impair Cognitive Function,
Teri Lawton, PhD

Screening For Auditory-Visual-Proprioceptive Processing Deficits in Patients With ABI/TBI
Deborah Zelinsky, OD, FCOVD, Vassilis Kokotas, Optometrist

Prisms: The Optical Transformation and Practical Consequences
James Hilbert, O.D., Gregory Kitchener, O.D.

Down syndrome and Vision Therapy: A Case Report
Karen Kehbein, OD

Cerebral Palsy: The Optometrist’s Role
Ashley Schuelke,OD

Objective Support of Optometric Intervention in a Case of Traumatic Brain Injury
Merrill D. Bowan, OD

Methods and Rationales for Measuring Plus Gradient Response AC/A in Symptomatic Individuals
David A. Damari, OD, FCOVD, FAAO, Ashley Schuelke, OD, Karen Kehbein, OD

InfantSEE®: An Early Intervention to Vision Development in Infants
Mark Schwartz, M.P.H, Glen Steele, OD, FCOVD, Pam Lowe, Walter Morton, Jim Spangler, OD.

Improved Process & Outcomes in a Private Vision Therapy Practice through Research Methods
Dana Dean, OD & Herbert William Cobb, PhD, MA, CSSBB

The Use of Yoked Prism to Create a More Efficient Visual Process.
Charles Shidlofsky, OD, Felicia Jackson, BS

The Management of Vision Therapy: A Call to Action on Improving the Reporting of Quality of Life Outcomes of Our Patients
Sue Larter , BOptom, MSc, FACBO, FCOVD

Unilateral Optic Nerve Hypoplasia and Vision Loss in Childhood
Christine Allison, OD, FAAO, FCOVD and Rachael Beatty, OD

Nature versus Nurture Revisited: A Literature Review on Genetic Factors in Myopia.
Jasmine Yumori, OD, Frank Spors EurOptom, MSc, Vaibhav Tiwari, PhD, Daniel Kurtz, PhD, OD

A Gun Shot to the Head: Oculo-visual & Perceptual Anomalies
Dominick M. Maino, OD, MEd, FAAO, FCOVD-A, Darrell Schlange, OD, DOS, Robert Donati, PhD, Bakouris C, Nikoniuk M.

Focusing the Visual Ambient System: Visuo-Somatic Realignment
Michael Christian BSc (Hons), BSc (Optom), Bryan Smith B. Optom, FACBO, FCOVD

Case Report Applying Quantum Optics, Visuo-Somatic Realignment (QO-VSR) to Patients Requiring Neuro-Optometric Rehabilitation
Michael Christian BSc (Hons), BSc (Optom), Bryan Smith B. Optom, FACBO, FCOVD

Quantum Optics, Visuo-Spatial Realignment (QO-VSR)
Michael Christian BSc (Hons), BSc (Optom), Bryan Smith B. Optom, FACBO, FCOVD

Streff Syndrome: A Case Report and Literature Review
Ragna Godtland, BS, Carol Scott, OD, FCOVD

VEP for the Primary Care Optometrist
Scott Steinman, OD, PhD, FAAO, Brigitte Keener, BS, Karen Kehbein, OD

Testing Strategies For Visual Efficiency in Detecting Fine Visual System Deficits
Vivian Wong OD

The Use of the Nintendo Wii Balance Board with the Head Injury Population

Joseph B. Sullivan, OD, FCOVD, Julie A. Toon, OD

A Multi-Sensory Integration Activity across Visual, Vestibular, Auditory, Temporal and Proprioceptive Senses: “The Slotnick Scramble”

Samantha Slotnick, OD, FAAO, FCOVD

Fixation Disparities in Diagnosing and Monitoring Ocular Motor Comitancies and Incomitancies

Selwyn Super, D. Optom, MEd, PhD, Dip-AAO

Stereopsis in Diagnosing and Monitoring Brain Disease

Selwyn Super, D. Optom, MEd, PhD, Dip-AAO

Optometric Correlates of Developmental Delay in a population of patients with learning difficulties.

Caroline M.F. Hurst BSc FCOptom FBABO, Dr Neil Spencer

Bifocals and Down's syndrome: correction or treatment?

Bifocals and Down's syndrome: correction or treatment?Al-Bagdady M, Stewart RE, Watts P, Murphy PJ, Woodhouse JM.Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 2009 Jul;29(4):416-21. Epub 2009 May 11.
.... Bifocals are an effective correction for the reduced accommodation in children with DS and also act to improve accommodation with a success rate of 65%. Bifocal wear can therefore be temporary, i.e. a 'treatment' for the deficit, in at least one third of children.

Comments: Make sure your patients with Down Syndrome have multifocal lenses! DM

Do Toxins Cause Autism?

Autism was first identified in 1943 in an obscure medical journal. Since then it has become a frighteningly common affliction, with the Centers for Disease Control reporting recently that autism disorders now affect almost 1 percent of children.

What causes autism? Exploring the environmental contribution

Autism is a biologically based disorder of brain development. Genetic factors - mutations, deletions, and copy number variants - are clearly implicated in causation of autism. However, they account for only a small fraction of cases, and do not easily explain key clinical and epidemiological features. This suggests that early environmental exposures also contribute. This review explores this hypothesis.

Cognitive Effects of Topiramate in Migraine Patients Aged 12 Through 17 Years

...The most common cognitive and neuropsychiatric adverse events with a higher incidence in the topiramate 50 and 100 mg/day groups vs placebo were anorexia (9% and 11% vs 3%), insomnia (9% and 3% vs 3%), fatigue (6% and 9% vs 6%), and dizziness (6% and 9% vs 0%). Thus, topiramate 100 mg/day was associated with modest increases in psychomotor reaction times. Learning, memory, and executive function were unchanged. The tolerability profile, including cognitive adverse events, appeared to be acceptable....

The effects of breastfeeding on cognitive and neurological development of children at 9 years

Breastfeeding was not associated with any crude IQ advantage or difference in neurological soft signs in children at 9 years. The greater IQ score associated with breastfeeding is accounted for by confounding, with maternal and socio-economic characteristics particularly important.

Clinical Applications for Essential Fatty Acids

Attached below is the link of a February 12th webinar recording about Essential Fatty Acids. I have no fiancial interests in any products/services described. Simply click on the link and the webinar will download. DM Clinical Applications for Essential Fatty Acids by Dr. Tori Hudson

Does Your Child Need Vision Therapy?

If your child sees perfectly but still has trouble in class, it may have something to do with their eyes and their brain Watch this video. Also see me on the small screen too!

Alice in Wonderland and Avatar - More 3D news

Watch Dr. Carl Hillier on TV discussing "Avatar 3D Vision Syndrome on San Diego Living.

Don't forget to look at my interview on ABC WLS TV as well. DM