Friday, August 1, 2008

Journal of Optometry

The Journal of Optometry is a Peer-reviewed Journal of the Spanish General Council of the Colleges of Opticians-Optometrists, produced entirely in English, with a translation into Spanish of every abstract to facilitate its diffusion into the Spanish-speaking scientific community.

This issue features the following original articles:

Association between Offset of the Pupil Center from the Corneal Vertex and Wavefront Aberration
Fan Lu, JiangXiu Wu, Jia Qu, QinMei Wang, ChenChen Xu, XiangTian Zhou, YeYu Shen and Ji C. He
PDF (1.385 KB)

Tear Film Surface Quality with Soft Contact Lenses Using Dynamic Videokeratoscopy
Miriam Kopf, Fan Yi, D. Robert Iskander, Michael J. Collins, Alyra J. Shaw, and Benjamin Straker
PDF (2.042 KB) MOVIE

Calculations and Measurements of the Visual Benefit of Correcting the Higher-order Aberrations Using Adaptive Optics Technology
Richard Legras and Hélène Rouger
PDF (1.736 KB)

Visual Performance after AcrySof ReSTOR Aspheric Intraocular Lens Implantation
José F. Alfonso, Luis Fernández-Vega, Beatriz Valcárcel and Robert Montés-Micó
PDF (397 KB)

Grading of Iris Color with an Extended Photographic Reference Set
Luuk Franssen, Joris E. Coppens and Thomas J.T.P. van den Berg
PDF (2.239 KB)

The Journal of Optometry is a peer reviewed publication that would welcome your submissions. Go to http://www.journalofoptometry.org/index.html to learn more.... DM

Thursday, July 31, 2008

Columnist stresses importance of eye exams for schoolchildren.

From AOA First Sight:

In a column in New York's Democrat & Chronicle (7/30), Sushma Yalamanchili, M.D., wrote, "Approximately 25 percent of school-aged children have vision problems. Of children between ages three and five, nearly one in 20 has a problem that could result in permanent vision loss if left untreated." Because nearly "80 percent of any learning process for children up to age 12 is accomplished through sight, vision problems can affect a child's learning and general health." Parents should look for "warning signs of decreased vision" in their children, including "squint[ing] while looking at distant objects, or hold[ing] books close to read them more easily." Youngsters whose "eyes look crossed," or whose eyes "turn out," or do "not focus together," may "have strabismus, a misalignment of the eyes, or amblyopia, a 'lazy eye.'" Even though some schools provide "vision screening,...this does not take the place of a comprehensive eye exam." Therefore, Dr. Yalamanchili urged parents to "[a]dd a visit to the eye doctor to the back-to-school checklist."

Influence of fogging lenses and cycloplegia on open-field automatic refraction

...Over-refraction through +2.00 D fogging lenses is useful to achieve additional relaxation of the accommodative response in a similar way to cycloplegia when open-field autorefraction is performed in young adults. ...

Cholesterol Drugs May Protect Memory

...A new study shows those who take statins are half as likely to develop dementia as those who don't take them. For five years, researchers at the University of Michigan School of Public Health in Ann Arbor, followed 1,674 dementia-free Mexican Americans over age 60. Of the group, 27 percent took a statin drug and 130 people developed dementia or cognitive impairment....

Mothers from affluent neighborhoods near highways increase odds of low weight babies by 81 percent

...Living near city expressways is associated with adverse birth effects on expectant mothers and their newborns, according to a novel study with global implications. In the August edition of the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, scientists from the Université de Montréal and the University of South Australia reveal that women living closest to expressways are more vulnerable to highway pollution – especially affluent mothers....

Comments: Just because the two things happen at the same time....doesn't mean one causes the other. I'd need to take a closer look at the study itself....it is interesting however. DM

Wednesday, July 30, 2008

Two-year multicenter, randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled, parallel safety and efficacy study of 2% pirenzepine ophthalmic gel in children

Pirenzepine ophthalmic gel 2% was effective compared with placebo in slowing the progression of myopia over a 2-year treatment period and demonstrated a clinically acceptable safety profile.

Additional studies:

One-year multicenter, double-masked, placebo-controlled, parallel safety and efficacy study of 2% pirenzepine ophthalmic gel in children with myopia.
Ophthalmology. 2005 Jan;112(1):84-91.

Siatkowski RM, Cotter S, Miller JM, Scher CA, Crockett RS, Novack GD; US Pirenzepine Study Group.Safety and efficacy of 2% pirenzepine ophthalmic gel in children with myopia: a 1-year, multicenter, double-masked, placebo-controlled parallel study.
Arch Ophthalmol. 2004 Nov;122(11):1667-74.

Bartlett JD, Niemann K, Houde B, Allred T, Edmondson MJ, Crockett RS.A tolerability study of pirenzepine ophthalmic gel in myopic children.J Ocul Pharmacol Ther. 2003 Jun;19(3):271-9.

Comments: If I read this paper correctly....it slowed down myopia progression by 50% when y0u compare it to the controlls.....BTW ICO graduate Dr. Sue Cotter was second author on this wonderful paper! Way to go, Sue!!

..... if you are like me and would like to make this available for your patients, Sue just told me that, ...."Valley Forge has completed their Phase II trials in the U.S. and Asia. However, due to various business and regulatory issues, the Company has decided to conduct their Phase III program and seek marketing approvals outside of the U.S. The Company is currently seeking a partner to assist in the development and commercialization of Pirenzepine Ophthalmic Gel in Europe and Asia. The development of PIR for U.S. market approval is currently on hold. So, right now no PIR available to us, unfortunately..." I'm just curious if I could get a formulary lab to make this up for me....and use it as an off lable med. Any ideas on the legal aspects of this? Let me know if you have any ideas on this........DM

Beloit's Maino Lectures in Dublin

I made the Beta Theta Pi magazine news section! Cool! DM

Gender sensitivity among general practitioners: Results of a training programme

...[General Practitioners] gender sensitivity was stimulated by the training programme and the supporting visits. Ideally, structural attention could be realised by embedding gender issues in existing organisational structures of general practices....

Comment: Full text article available by clicking on the title above. Bottom line...treat all patients as unique individuals..... DM

50 Ways to Boost Your Energy Without Caffeine

One of my reasers just sent this to me....as a coffee drinker....and not so hot sleeper...I think I will try many of the suggestions noted. DM

....While many people find caffeinated beverages to be an easy way to wake up in the morning or anytime during the day when sluggishness strikes, the reality is that while caffeine does offer some benefits, it can have a lot of negative side effects as well. When you come to rely on caffeine to get going you can experience many symptoms of withdrawal if you don't get your daily fix. Some of these symptoms include headaches, irritability and even an upset stomach. Why deal with all that when there are other ways to boost your energy that don't require any help from caffeine? Try out some of these suggestions to give you a boost when you're feeling sleepy or to prevent tiredness altogether. ....

FDA Grants Pediatric Exclusivity For TOPAMAX®

...TOPAMAX® is indicated as initial monotherapy in patients 10 years of age and older with partial onset seizures or generalized tonic-clonic seizures. It also is indicated as adjunctive therapy for adults and children (aged two and above) with partial onset seizures or generalized tonic-clonic seizures, and in adults and children as adjunctive therapy for the treatment of seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. TOPAMAX® is indicated in adults for the prophylaxis of migraine headache....

Comments: I'm seeing more and more pts on Topomax...what they don't tell you is that this drug can have major serious side affects including a sudden increase in myopia and IOP. Dm

Mouse Spatial Recognition Memory Significantly Disrupted By Extremely Low-Frequency Magnetic Fields

...Exposure to extremely low frequency (ELF) magnetic fields is known to disrupt spatial cognition. Researchers found that mice exposed to extremely low ELFs over a long period had a significant disruption in spatial recognition memory. ...

Lazy Eye Discovery: How An Old Gene Learns New Tricks

...The research shows that seven CHN1 mutations found in families with a history of Duane's Retraction Syndrome (DRS) - a rare, disorder of eye movement which is present at birth - lead to abnormal development of the cranial nerve III which is integral to normal eye development. ...

Disrupted Communication Networks In Brain Lead To Autism's Social Struggles

...Picking up on innuendo and social cues is a central component of engaging in conversation, but people with autism often struggle to determine another person's intentions in a social interaction. New research from Carnegie Mellon University sheds light on the neural mechanisms that are responsible for such social difficulties in autism, and on the workings of these social brain mechanisms in all of us. ...

Monday, July 28, 2008

I AM Renaissance

I know that this is different from the usual "stuff" I put here....but I'm an artist in the show....so read on and attend if you can....I'd love to see ya!

I-Am Renaissance '08!

The Italian Cultural Center at Casa Italia will open its
Summer Art Show
in the Chandelier Room of Casa Italia on
Thursday evening August 7 at 7 PM
3800 Division St., Stone Park, IL.

More than twenty professional painters, sculptors and photographers are expected to show their works in this annual event which will run through mid September. Organizer Dominic Candeloro of the Casa Italia has invited artists of Italian background and those who depict Italian/Italian American themes to come together in a local display of the Renaissance.

Among the artists displaying their works are noted designer John Bucci, filmmaker-painter Tom Palazzolo, painters Julia Oemke, Nuccia Lucini, Anthony Panzica, Anna Pagnucci, John Bertucci, Claudia Pontarelli-Hallissey, Leemarie Gaimari Bonk, Nick Benero, Rita Dianni Kaleel and Horacio Baggio, sculptors Joseph Burlini and Robert Buono, and photographer (this blog's very own) Dominick M. Maino.

The art show is free and open to the public. Call Casa Italia at 708 345-5933 to make appointments to visit the exhibit. Many of the pieces in "I-Am Renaissance '08"!" are for sale and a number of the contributing artists will be on hand both for the public opening reception at 7 pm on Thursday August 7 and during the subsequent days of the show.

Mr. Candeloro will continue to accept artists' proposals to participate in the event (with jpeg samples of their work) until July 31. He may be reached at Dominic.Candeloro@gmail.com or 847-951-9109.