Saturday, February 9, 2008

What They Are Saying about Maino’s Memos

What They Are Saying about Maino’s Memos

What a terrific site! You certainly have a knack for organization and delivery of high impact information. I look forward to spending more time on your blog. Thanks for the link and all that you do to disseminate useful optometric information.
Dr. Erin Nosel

I congratulate you for dipping your toe into the blogoshere! Nice job on your Blog! Very, very informative!
Dr. Dan Fortenbacher, President COVD

It looks like you are off to a great start! I know that you've been writing about computers in Optometry since I was in grade school , but you may want to check out my blog here. I think that all of us who have blogs should be sure to link them together to reinforce our message. I also thinking that allowing others to borrow each other's best posts, with consent, is a fantastic way to spread key messages. Dom, I'll be sure to keep an eye on your blog!
Dr. Nathan Bonilla-Warford

Love the hat Dom! Great blog!
W. Tierney

Dr. Maino,
Very impressive blog.
Dr. David Cook

Cool picture, Dom, I like the tam.
Your message said: "I decided to start my own bog." I was looking for the peat!
Don't you just detest the nit-picking floccinaucinihilipilificator (yeah, that's a real word) types?
FYI - the feminine is: floccinaucinihilipilificatrix. Check your Oxford E.D. (as opposed to the Levitra kind) under really obscure, 17th century English - means reducing everything to absurd levels of trivia (or detecting the slightest imperfections :-) )
George S. Nezlek, Associate Professor

Information Systems Program Chair
Grand Valley State University

Very Nice!!
Dr. WC Maples

Nice blog. Where oh where do you find the time.
Jerry Greenwood

Wonderful!!! I will need an entire afternoon to enjoy it. All the best.
Dr. Norma Bower

Friday, February 8, 2008

Bach & Paganini in Chicago



Katalin Von Walterskirchen, cello
Yoshihiko Nakano, violin
Matvey Kostakovsky, clarinet
Yiming Zhang, piano

In works by
Bach, Rachmaninoff, Paganini, Saint-Saens, Mendelssohn & Sarasate

FRIDAY, February 22nd at 8:00pm

St. Bartholomew Catholic Church
4990 W. Addison (Addison/Lavergne)
Chicago, IL 60641

ADMISSION: $12 in advance / $15 at the door $10 senors/students

For Tickets and more information call (773) 286-7871 or email

All proceeds to benefit the Music Ministry at St. Bartholomew Church

Poster Accepted for ARVO

This April if you are going to the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology program please stop by and discuss a poster that Dr. Robert Donati and I just had accepted for the ARVO meeting. Info below:

Donati RJ, Maino DM, Bartell H, Kieffer M. Reported sympotomology of those with mental illness and dual diagnosis. Association for Research Vision & Ophthalmology (ARVO) Poster

Program Number: 4479

Abstract Title: Reported Symptomology of Those With Mental Illness and Dual Diagnosis

Session Date/Start Time: Wednesday Apr 30, 2008 11:15 AM - 1:00 PM

Session Number: 449

Posterboard #: D1070 Room: Hall B/C

Thursday, February 7, 2008

Dr. Maino's Patient Donates $20,000

Dr. Dominick Maino's patient found not only professional, but very compassionate care when other doctors told her that her vision problem was just in her head. To show her appreciation, she donated $20,000 to the Illinois Eye Institute/Illinois College of Optometry....$10,000 for Dr. Maino to determine its use...and another $10,000 for Dr. Taylor (another ICO doctor involved in her care) to use in an appropriate fashion. Dr. Maino used $5000 to buy much needed equipment in the Pediatrics/Binocular Vision Service of the Illinois Eye Institute and $5000 to support the Dr. & Mrs. Dominick M. Maino Visiting Professor Endowment Fund. Because of this gift, the Illinois College of Optometry had an opportunity to bring in Dr. Len Press as its very first visiting professor. He presented/lectured to students, faculty and (during a 4 hr continuing education course) Chicago area optometrists and worked alongside IEI faculty, students and patients. (Photograph: Dr. Dominick Maino, Dr. Arol Augsburger, President ICO, Ms. Karen Hennessy, Dr. Derrald Taylor)

Clinical Trials: Amblyopia,

Amblyopia (Lazy Eye) Clinical Trials

DK, Chandler DL, Beck RW, Arnold RW, Bacal DA, Birch EE, Felius J, Frazier M, Holmes JM, Hoover D, Klimek DA, Lorenzana I, Quinn GE, Repka MX, Suh DW, Tamkins S; Pediatric Eye Disease Investigator Group. Treatment of bilateral refractive amblyopia in children three to less than 10 years of age. Am J Ophthalmol. 2007 Oct;144(4):487-96.

Findings: Treatment of bilateral refractive amblyopia (lazy eye) with glasses improves vision (20/25) in children up to 10 years of age within one year.

Comment: Have your children examined now. Lazy eye can be treated quite successfully.

Hertle RW, Scheiman MM, Beck RW, Chandler DL, Bacal DA, Birch E, Chu RH, Holmes JM, Klimek DL, Lee KA, Repka MX, Weakley DR Jr; Pediatric Eye Disease Investigator Group. Stability of visual acuity improvement following discontinuation of amblyopia treatment in children aged 7 to 12 years. Arch Ophthalmol. 2007 May;125(5):655-9.

Conclusion: Visual acuity improvement is maintained in children for at least 1 year after stopping treatment (glasses may still be worn).

Comment: Amblyopia is treatable....and the treatment lasts! Have your children's eyes examined today!

Wallace DK; Pediatric Eye Disease Investigator Group, Edwards AR, Cotter SA, Beck RW, Arnold RW, Astle WF, Barnhardt CN, Birch EE, Donahue SP, Everett DF, Felius J, Holmes JM, Kraker RT, Melia M, Repka MX, Sala NA, Silbert DI, Weise KK. A randomized trial to evaluate 2 hours of daily patching for strabismic and anisometropic amblyopia in children. Ophthalmology. 2006 Jun;113(6):904-12.

Conclusion: After wearing glasses for a while, 2 hours of patching daily with 1 hour of active hand eye therapy improves moderate to severe lazy eye in children.

Comment: If your child has lazy eye....the glasses and active patching/therapy can improve vision.

Cotter SA; Pediatric Eye Disease Investigator Group, Edwards AR, Wallace DK, Beck RW, Arnold RW, Astle WF, Barnhardt CN, Birch EE, Donahue SP, Everett DF, Felius J, Holmes JM, Kraker RT, Melia M, Repka MX, Sala NA, Silbert DI, Weise KK. Treatment of anisometropic amblyopia in children with refractive correction. Ophthalmology. 2006 Jun;113(6):895-903.

Conclusion: Wearing glasses alone improves vision in at least one third of 3- to <7-year-old

Holmes JM, Edwards AR, Beck RW, Arnold RW, Johnson DA, Klimek DL, Kraker RT, Lee KA, Lyon DW, Nosel ER, Repka MX, Sala NA, Silbert DI, Tamkins S; Pediatric Eye Disease Investigator Group. A randomized pilot study of near activities versus non-near activities during patching therapy for amblyopia. J AAPOS. 2005 Apr;9(2):129-36.

CONCLUSIONS: Results suggested that conducting near activities while patched may be beneficial in treating amblyopia.

Scheiman MM, Hertle RW, Beck RW, Edwards AR, Birch E, Cotter SA, Crouch ER Jr, Cruz OA, Davitt BV, Donahue S, Holmes JM, Lyon DW, Repka MX, Sala NA, Silbert DI, Suh DW, Tamkins SM; Pediatric Eye Disease Investigator Group. Randomized trial of treatment of amblyopia in children aged 7 to 17 years. Arch Ophthalmol. 2005 Apr;123(4):437-47.

Conclusion: Lazy eye improves with glasses alone in about 25% of patients 7 to 17 of age. Many patients who are treated with glasses alone will require additional treatment for lazy eye.

Comment: Active optometric vision therapy can improve visual acuity (as well as many other visual skills) for those with lazy eye.

Repka MX, Wallace DK, Beck RW, Kraker RT, Birch EE, Cotter SA, Donahue S, Everett DF, Hertle RW, Holmes JM, Quinn GE, Scheiman MM, Weakley DR; Pediatric Eye Disease Investigator Group. Two-year follow-up of a 6-month randomized trial of atropine vs patching for treatment of moderate amblyopia in children. Arch Ophthalmol. 2005 Feb;123(2):149-57.

CONCLUSIONS: Atropine and patching to treat amblyopia yield similar results.

Comments: Patching actually yielded slightly better outcomes than atropine. But atropine drops can be used successfully as a part of our treatment of lazy eye.

Wednesday, February 6, 2008

Macular Degeneration Linked to Smoking

Smoking appears to be related to the long-term incidence and progression of AMD. This has important health care implications because early AMD increases the risk of developing late AMD and smoking behavior is modifiable. Go to for abstract of article.....and oh, yeah....quit smoking now!

Tuesday, February 5, 2008

Articles Written by Dominick Maino

Maino Papers

These articles are just a few of the more than 200 published by Dr. Dominick Maino on a wide variety of topics. See Dr. Maino's CV for a full listing of publications.

Tahir S. Maino D. TheYoung Child with capillary hemangioma: Case report and review. Optom Vis Dev 2006:37(1):27-31.

Pang Yi, Maino D, Zhang G, Lu F. Myopia: Can Its Progression Be Controlled? Optom Vis Dev 2006:37(2):75-79.

Berry-Kravis E, Krause SE, Block SS, Guter S. Wuu J, Leurgans S, Decle P, Potanos E, Cook E, Salt J, Maino D, et al Effect of the AMPAKINE® COMPOUND CX516 on cognition and behavoir in Fragile X syndrome. 2006; (5): 525–540

Maino D, Tran S, Metha F. Side effects of chemotherapeutic oculo-toxic agents: A review. Clin Eye Vis Care 2001;12:113-117

Maino D, Goodfellow G. The sound of one hand clapping. Optom Educ 2006;31(2):37

New Journal on Disability and Health

New Journal Concerning Disability and Health

From the Website:


Disability and Health Journal is a scientific, scholarly, peer-reviewed and multidisciplinary journal that focuses on health promotion and wellness initiatives for people with disabilities, programs to reduce the incidence of secondary conditions in people with disabilities, ways to reduce the health disparities between people with disabilities and the general population evaluative research on new interventions, technologies and programs reports of empirical research on the characteristics of persons with disabilities, environments, health outcomes, and determinants of health systematic reviews of research literatures in health and disability
the conceptual framework of the international classification of functioning, disability and health to describe health and health related states existing and emerging models of healthcare delivery/promotion which contribute to the improvement of healthcare across the lifespan public health, health promotion, health education, wellness and prevention population based studies.

The Journal is of interest to health related academic researchers, physicians, public health officials and professionals, epidemiologists, biostatisticians, health and wellness promotion specialists, health administrators and health policy experts.

Editors:Suzanne McDermott, PhD, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Columbia, SCMargaret A. Turk, MD, Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation and Pediatrics, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY

Learning Deficit Blocked in Mouse Model of Down Syndrome

Can genetics change the cognitive level of those with Down Syndrome?

The learning deficits of mice with trisomy 21 appear to have been prevented with a peptide combination...investigators said .... After nine days of treatment, adult mice with the model of Down's syndrome navigated a water maze test as easily as a control group of animals and significantly better (P<0.001)>

Monday, February 4, 2008

Lazy Eye Video

Video on amblyopia or "Lazy Eye" featuring my colleague Dr. Rutstein at UAB School of Optometry.

Singing Tenor in the Gloria: A Christmas Celebration Concert

I love to sing tenor in my church choir....for photos of our last concert click the title above.

Dr. Dominick M. Maino Becomes COVD Fellow

During the recent College of Optometrists in Vision Development annual meeting in Florida, I met all the criteria (including an oral interview) to become a Fellow of COVD.....

Review of the Vision Research

Vision and vision function can be improved with therapy. Please review these articles for more information.

The effect of amblyopia on fine motor skills in children.

Many health care professionals, teachers, and parents believe that amblyopia (lazy eye) is just a reduction of vision in one eye.....but it was found that Fine motor skills were reduced in children with amblyopia, particularly those with strabismus, compared with control subjects. The deficits in motor performance were greatest on manual dexterity tasks requiring speed and accuracy.....

Look Beyond Visual Factors to Explain Patient Dissatisfaction with LASIK

Personality and psychiatric issues account for a small but problematic proportion of patients who are dissatisfied after LASIK surgery to correct vision, a psychiatrist reported here. ....

Patients with binocular vision issues may also be dissatisfied if a latent strabismus or other problem occurs because of the LASIK....I've worked with several patients who were fine before LASIK but developed problems with eye coordination and focusing after the surgerical procedure. The good that with optometric vision therapy these problems can usually be treated successfully so that not only does the patient see well....but also comfortably. DM

Preconceptional Folate Reduces Preterm Birth Risk by 50% to 70%

Women who take folic acid supplements for a year or longer before conception significantly reduce the risk of preterm delivery. Note that the findings are based on self-reported use of folate, not a randomized clinical trial. Note that this study was published as an abstract and presented orally at a conference. The data and conclusions should be considered to be preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed publication. ...

Optometric Nutrition Society

Nutrition is playing a larger and larger role in eye and vision care.....from ARMD to stopping cataracts....optometrists should seriously consider adding information about nutrition and the eyes on their websites....

Controversy over vaccine-autism link endures

The belief that routine childhood vaccines can lead to autism remains one of the most stubbornly enduring. The mainstream medical community insists there is no evidence to support the theory, and cite study after study that have found no link. Yet the Internet is filled with groups and organizations who insist that vaccines are causing children to become autistic. ...

Fragile X Syndrome May Be Caused By Two Duplicated Genes Producing Excess Protein

ScienceDaily (Feb. 1, 2008) — University of Adelaide geneticist Dr Jozef Gecz and a team of Belgium and UK scientists have achieved a major breakthrough in discovering the causes of intellectual disability. Intellectual disability affects 1-3% of the world's population, with 30% more men affected than women........

Magnesium Sulfate for Preterm Birth Prevents Cerebral Palsy

Women given magnesium sulfate to prevent preterm delivery had a reduced risk of giving birth to children with cerebral palsy. Note that the treatment did not reduce the risk of stillbirth or infant death, which was part of the study's primary objective.

Autism and Early Intervention

Comment: Children with autism require early intervention...although not noted in this article this early intervention should include eye care. DM

The effects of intellectual functioning and autism severity on outcome of early behavioral intervention for children with autism

Esther Ben-Itzchaka, and Ditza A. Zachorb Abstract

This study assessed the relation between pre-intervention variables (cognition, socialization and communication) to outcome in young children with autism.

Twenty five children with autism (-32 months) were enrolled in intensive behavior intervention. The children were divided into groups based on their IQ scores and on the severity of their social interaction and communication deficits [per autism diagnostic observation schedule (ADOS) scores]. Six developmental-behavioral domains including, imitation, receptive language, expressive language, nonverbal communication skills, play skills and stereotyped behaviors were assessed at pre- and post-1 year of intervention times.

Significant progress was noted in all the six developmental-behavioral domains after 1 year of intervention. Children with higher initial cognitive levels and children with fewer measured early social interaction deficits showed better acquisition of skills in three developmental areas, receptive language, expressive language and play skills. Both groups showed better progress in Receptive language skills. Better progress in expressive language was associated with the child's social abilities, while more significant progress in play skills was related to pre-intervention cognitive level.

These findings emphasize the importance of early intensive intervention in autism and the value of pre-intervention cognitive and social interaction levels for predicting outcome.