Tuesday, March 3, 2015

Convergence insufficiency with unilateral exophoria at near in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder - a preliminary study.

Convergence insufficiency with unilateral exophoria at near in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder - a preliminary study.

"....[CI/XT] can be linked to disruptions in cortico-ponto-cerebellar network and midbrain. It was the only neurological symptom that differed schizophrenia and bipolar disorder groups, thus it might be used in differential diagnosis. Further research is needed to obtain a full clinical description of the symptom.....



Also see:

Schnell PH, Maino D, Jespersen R. Psychiatric Illness and Associated Oculo-visual Anomalies. In Taub M, Bartuccio M, Maino D. (Eds) Visual Diagnosis and Care of the Patient with Special Needs; Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. New York, NY;2012:111-124.

Maino DM. Rado ME, Pizzi WJ. Ocular anomalies of individuals with mental illness and dual diagnosis. J Am Optom Assoc 1996;67:740-8.

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