Saturday, August 24, 2013

Study explores how the brain encodes visual objects

Study explores how the brain encodes visual objects


...Opening our eyes and seeing the world before us, full of objects, is a simple action we may take for granted. Yet our brain is constantly carrying out a huge analysis only to let us see a flower, a pen, the face of our children. Where exactly in our brain does shape become meaning? A group of scientists ...studied a specific area of the brain that is located precisely halfway between the visual and the semantic analysis, shedding light on its function. .....

Friday, August 23, 2013

Could Vision Issues Be Contributing to Your Child’s Difficulty With Learning?

...Parents and educators often ask us questions about vision therapy and if it can be helpful for children with LD. While vision problems are not the cause of dyslexia or other learning disabilities, vision issues such as convergence insufficiency can certainly interfere with learning and contribute to difficulties with attention and behavior. And some practitioners report that convergence insufficiency may be more common in individuals with LD and ADHD. 
We turned to a pediatrician, Debbie Walhof, MD, and an optometrist, Leonard Press, OD, to answer questions about vision therapy, convergence insufficiency and what parents should know if they are considering vision therapy for their child.


What is Convergence Insufficiency (CI)? Is it related to dyslexia?Does CI occur more frequently in those with dyslexia than in the general population? What about in individuals who have ADHD and other disorders that impact learning, attention and behavior?

Can CI be treated? Will curing CI help treat features of dyslexia?

I’ve heard people say that vision therapy is a waste of time. Why would they say that, and what should I believe?

If possible symptoms of CI emerge during my child’s pediatric office visit, what should the pediatrician do?



.... more questions and answers can be found by clicking the title above. DM

Research may lead to early diagnosis of reading difficulties and the development of more targeted therapies

Research may lead to early diagnosis of reading difficulties and the development of more targeted therapies

................The MRI analysis showed that phonological decoding ability was strongly connected with gray matter volume in the left superior parietal lobe (around the top/rear of the brain); form-sound association was strongly connected with the hippocampus and cerebellum; and naming speed lit up a variety of locations around the brain......

Thursday, August 22, 2013

Autism and Childbirth: A Link?

Autism and Childbirth: A Link?

.....Could medicine commonly given to pregnant women to speed childbirth have an effect on which children develop autism? That provocative theory has been kicking around in some medical circles for more than a decade. But even today, no one knows the answer.
A new study, though, suggests that it's a question worth answering. Kids born to women who received drugs to help start or accelerate labor, researchers found, face an elevated risk of later being diagnosed with autism or a related cognitive disorder. The increase was small, but with millions of children born each year nationwide, it could be significant.....

Wednesday, August 21, 2013

Music Therapy for Children with Language Impairments

Music Therapy for Children with Language Impairments


....
Music as a therapeutic intervention is effective in healthcare and educational settings for children and adults. Music interventions can promote wellness,improve communication, and engage cognitive functioning. Children who had received musical training were shown to have improved speech segmentation abilities, according to research published in the journaCerebral Cortex......

Comment: Read more by clicking title. DM