Saturday, June 18, 2011

Those With Reading And Writing Difficulties Find Lifelong Learning Problematic

.....One Swede in five is considered to have difficulties reading and writing, and the affected individuals tend to encounter great problems in modern society. A new doctoral thesis from the University of Gothenburg addresses their obstacles at various levels and discusses possible solutions.....

Comments: Not once did it say anything in this article about possible vision problems as being a part of the leaning problems is sad that one of the most obvious areas is so often overlooked. DM

Antibiotics overprescribed for pediatric patients with asthma

....The study results indicate that about one of six prescriptions written was unnecessary, which equates to about 1 million ambulatory visits in which an antibiotic would be prescribed inappropriately. The researchers said the most commonly prescribed antibiotics were macrolides, followed by aminopenicillins and cephalosporins, adding that corticosteroid use and time of the year were both important predictors in whether antibiotics were prescribed. ....

Subtle changes in two or more genes may cause some autism

....a new study from researchers at Baylor College of Medicine and the Jan and Dan Duncan Neurological Research Institute (NRI) at Texas Children's Hospital proposes that several subtle mutations in different genes are associated with patients with near-normal or normal IQs and non-syndromic autism defined only by the behavioral characteristics. A report on the work appears in the current issue of Human Molecular Genetics.....

Link Between Large-Scale Early Education And Higher Living Standards And Crime Prevention 25 Years Later

.....In "School-based Early Childhood Education and Age 28 Well-Being: Effects by Timing, Dosage, and Subgroups," published in the journal Science, Reynolds and Temple (with co-authors Suh-Ruu Ou, Irma Arteaga, and Barry White) report on more than 1,400 individuals whose well-being has been tracked for as much as 25 years. Those who had participated in an early childhood program beginning at age 3 showed higher levels of educational attainment, socioeconomic status, job skills, and health insurance coverage as well as lower rates of substance abuse, felony arrest, and incarceration than those who received the usual early childhood services.....

Friday, June 17, 2011

ICO Recognizes Dr. Dominick Maino's Many Accomplishments

Dr. Arol Augsburger, President of the Illinois College of Optometry (left), recognized many ICO alumni for their accomplishments at the recent American Optometric Association meeting in Salt Lake City, UT. This included Dr. Dominick M. Maino. He is a Professor of Pediatrics/Binocular Vision at the Illinois College of Optometry, Distinguished Practitioner of the National Academies of Practice, Leonardo da Vinci Award of Excellence in Medcine recipient from the Order Sons of Italy, editor of Optometry & Vision Development and co-editor of a new book to be published by Lippincot, The Patient with Special Needs: Diagnosis and Management...and is in private practice in Harwood heights, Il.

ICO Matters Features Dr. Nikki Rai 03

Dr. Dominick M. Maino, President of ICOs Alumni Council (left) and Dr. Arol Augsburger, President of the Illinois College of Optometry (right) congratulate Dr. Nikki Rai. She was featured in ICO Matters as the cover story in the latest issue for her work with children in India. (See below)

Vaccine coverage rates high for kindergartners, but remain short of 2020 goal

....Vaccination coverage rates for children entering kindergarten were more than 90% in most states, but some pockets of the country are falling below Healthy People 2020 goals of more than 95% coverage, according to a report published online. ....

Influence of timing of initial surgery for infantile esotropia on the severity of dissociated vertical deviation

....Early surgery for infantile esotropia decreases the severity of dissociated vertical deviation and lowers the need for an additional operation for DVD.....

Comments: OK,.let me get this straight.....the patient goes in to straighten their eyes....and then they end up with a vertical deviation? What's up with that? DM

Autism linked to hundreds of genetic mutations

.....Three new studies conclude that autism disorders are genetically very complex, not caused by one or two gene defects. The potential changes in DNA may produce what are essentially different forms of autism. ...

Brain Exercise Video Games Can Improve Kids' School Performance

....Video puzzle games which exercise a child's working memory were found to enhance abstract reasoning and problem solving skills significantly, ...... They added that the improvements persisted for at least three months after they stopped playing the games.....The authors found that giving the brain a daily workout really can improve wits and intelligence.....

Mitochondrial dysfunction - the beginning of the end in Alzheimer's disease? Separate and synergistic modes of tau and amyloid-β toxicity

....The pathology of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by amyloid plaques (aggregates of amyloid-β (Aβ)) and neurofibrillary tangles (aggregates of tau) and is accompanied by mitochondrial dysfunction, but the mechanisms underlying this dysfunction are poorly understood. In this review, we discuss the critical role of mitochondria and the close inter-relationship of this organelle with the two main pathological features in the pathogenic process underlying AD. .....

Comments: Read the full article by clicking on the titel above. DM

Thursday, June 16, 2011

3-D Movie Shows, For The First Time, What Happens In The Brain As It Loses Consciousness

....For the first time researchers have been able to watch what happens to the brain as it loses consciousness. Using sophisticated imaging equipment they have constructed a 3-D movie of the brain as it changes while an anaesthetic drug takes effect.....

The Genetics of Autism

...The recent issue of Neuron has a series of articles providing more information about the genetics of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). ASD is characterized by decreased social ability as a core feature, with other clinical features being variable. It is also not a single disease or disorder, and not just because of the spectrum of clinical features. Like many clinical entities, there can be many underlying causes that result is similar-looking clinical effects.....

Chiefs' Rounds: 42-y/o man with binocular diplopia

At the Wills Eye Institute....On Friday mornings at 7 AM, tables are turned during Chiefs’ Rounds. Two cases are presented as unknowns by the residents to the Service Chiefs and Attending Staff with only one rule: No resident or fellow can be asked a question. Chiefs’ Rounds provide a chance for the residents to see their Attending Staff think through the clinical presentation, differential diagnosis, and management of a difficult case. This approach invariably leads to a lively discussion among the staff and remains a vital teaching tool in residency education.....

College of Optometrists in Vision Development in Las Vegas!

COVD 41st Annual Meeting Annual Meeting Highlights

Join us in Las Vegas!

Oct. 25-29, 2011

The Tropicana
Las Vegas, Nevada

Travel Grants for students Call COVD Deadline is 7/28

COVD 41st Annual Meeting - Register Now

Hotel Reservations

Stay at the Tropicana and receive a $200 meeting registration discount.Hotel

Preliminary Program

Download the Preliminary Program for more information

General Education Highlights

"Top To Bottom": Applying Neuroscience to Enhance Visual Therapy Procedures for Patients with "Brain Filtering Deficits"
Allen Cohen, OD, FCOVD

Myopia: Current Theories of Treatment and Treatment; and Intermittent Exotropia Based Upon Sensory Motor Findings
Jeffrey Cooper, MS, OD

Optometric Management of Patients who have Autism: How to Meet Their Visual Needs Without Letting Autism Get in the Way
Rachel (Stacey) Coulter, OD, FCOVD

Saccade Vergence Eye Movements: Development, Aging, and Dysfunction
Zoi Kapoula, PhD

Clinical Pearls in Development
W.C. Maples, OD, FCOVD

Rethinking Learning Disabilities: A Developmental Perspective
Deborah Waber, PhD

Clinical Discussion Forum - Vision Therapy: Womb to Tomb
Kellye Knueppel, OD, FCOVD
Brenda Montecalvo, OD, FCOVD

Applied Concepts - October 25 & 26, 2011

Acquired Brain Injury
Drs. Allen Cohen, Ken Ciuffreda, & Neera Kapoor

Visual Information Acquisition
Dr. Carl Hillier

Therapy Techniques
Drs. W.C. Maples & Wanda Vaughn

Strabismus & Amblyopia
Dr. Robert Sanet

Learning Related Vision Problems
Dr. Nancy Torgerson

Annual Meeting Highlights

NEW - Social Media Workshop - October 26, 2011
Drs. Nate Bonilla Warford & Ruth Villeneuve
Joint COVD/OEP Symposium
19 Hours of Clinical Education Available
Vision Therapist Education Session
Dr. Sue Lowe & Lauri Atencio
Special Speaker - Friday, October 28, 2011
Jillian's Story: How Vision Therapy Changed My Daughter's Life with Mrs. Robin Benoit, Author

For more information on upcoming meetings, visit

Proceedings of What is disability? UN convention on the rights of persons with disability, eligibility criteria and the International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health


UN convention on the rights of persons with disability, eligibility criteria and the International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health
Carlo Francescutti

From codes to language: is the ICF a classification system or a dictionary?
Luigi Tesio


Use of The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) as a conceptual framework and common language for disability statistics and health information systems
Nenad Kostanjsek

Measuring disability and monitoring the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities: the work of the Washington Group on Disability Statistics
Jennifer H Madans, Mitchell E Loeb, Barbara M Altman

Using the ICF in Ireland
Anne Good

Eligibility, the ICF and the UN Convention: Australian perspectives
Ros Madden, Nick Glozier, Elias Mpofu, Gwynnyth Llewellyn

Development of an ICF-based eligibility procedure for education in Switzerland
Judith Hollenweger

Monitoring the United Nation’s Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities: data and the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health
Jerome E Bickenbach

The WHO construct of health-related functioning (HrF) and its implications for health policy
Luis Salvador-Carulla, Carlos Garcia-Gutierrez

"Evaluating the model of classification and valuation of disabilities used in Brazil and defining the elaboration and adoption of a unique model for all the country": Brazilian Interministerial Workgroup Task
Heloisa Di Nubila, Ana Rita de Paula, Miguel Abud Marcelino, Izabel Maior

Description of the person-environment interaction: methodological issues and empirical results of an Italian large-scale disability assessment study using an ICF-based protocol
Carlo Francescutti, Francesco Gongolo, Andrea Simoncello, Lucilla Frattura

Comments: All articles are open access. DM

Wednesday, June 15, 2011

Techlicious and Reading to kids at bedtime

Techlicious  is a blog by Suzanne Kantra about technology....she often reports on products that affect or can benefit families. Here she talks about recoding stories with you own voice or video so if your are out of town you can still read to your kids at bed time. Click on the title above to learn more.DM

Mistake Were Made (Yes, by You!)

Crossed Eye (esotropia/exotropia) slider for the Sims

Evidence-Based Guidelines for the Chiropractic Treatment of Adults With Headache

....Evidence suggests that chiropractic care, including spinal manipulation, improves migraine and cervicogenic headaches. The type, frequency, dosage, and duration of treatment(s) should be based on guideline recommendations, clinical experience, and findings. Evidence for the use of spinal manipulation as an isolated intervention for patients with tension-type headache remains equivocal....

Perinatal risk factors for strabismus

....Congenital abnormalities, low birth weight, prematurity and large head circumference were independent risk factors for strabismus. Differences in risk factors for esotropia and exotropia suggest that strabismus subtypes may have different underlying aetiologies. The proportion of exotropic children with congenital abnormalities suggests that a large angle constant exotropia in an infant should alert physicians to the possibility of a congenital abnormality......

Comments: Free PDF of this article is available by clicking on the title above. DM

Tuesday, June 14, 2011

Clues to Autism Emerge in Protein Network

....Autism is as puzzling for scientists as it is heartbreaking for parents. Some patients function well despite a few behavioral quirks, whereas others are profoundly disabled. The dozens of "suspect genes" are scattered among various types of the disorder and show up in only a handful of patients. Now, by shifting focus from the genes to the proteins they produce, researchers have identified a densely connected network that may help reveal how autism develops. The finding may also lay the framework for developing new treatments, even for very different types of the disorder.....

Consumer Reports: 3D TVs

How does 3D TV work? Do I need to wear those red-and-blue 3D glasses?  What else will I need? Should I buy a 3D TV now? What is there to watch in 3D at home?  Can everyone see the 3D video effect?

Comments: Find out the answers by clicking on the title above! DM

Monday, June 13, 2011

95% US Kids Vaccinated, But Parents Still Have (Autism) Worries

...95 percent of US children receive all their recommended vaccinations or would get them all, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The 2010 survey of parents in the US also found that about 5 percent of parents said they would decline having their child receive some vaccines, and 2 percent said their children would receive no vaccines.... Those who said their children would not get all the recommended vaccines often cite suspicions that vaccines or something in vaccines could be linked to autism, even though such theories have been widely discredited.....

Eye patching as a treatment for amblyopia in children aged 10–16 years

....The present results show that patching in older children with amblyopia improves visual acuity with no serious complications. The use of patching in children to improve amblyopia seems promising. ...

Comments: Where have these authors been? Patching seems promising? They patched ALL DAY! Have these authors not read the PEDIG studies? Why was this published? Where were the editors? Review Board members? Strange? DM

Six Scary Supplements: Prescription or Poison?

...There are more than 20,000 available herbal products in the United States. About 1 in 5 Americans report using a supplement in the past year. However, these alternative remedies are not regulated by the FDA, and some of them might be deadly....

Optometry and Vision Science Latest Now Online!

Barrel Card: Optometric Vision Therapy

The Barrel Card Optometric Vision Therapy Procedure is used for convergence and anti-suppresion so that binocular fusion can be improved, enhanced or maintained. Always use these therapy techniques under the guidance of your family optometrist.

To find an optometrist who has specialized training in optometric vision therapy please go to the College of Optometrists in Vision Development webpage.

You may also wish to consult the American Optometric Association webpage as well. DM