Friday, August 28, 2009

Bifocals in Down Syndrome Study (BiDS): design and baseline visual function.

...This study confirms previous findings of a high prevalence of reduced accommodation and shows that near VA is reduced compared to distance VA. The present results indicate that all subjects might benefit from bifocals....

Comments: All individuals with Down Syndrome patients no matter the age WILL benefit from bifocals. DM

Relationship between accommodative and vergence dysfunctions and academic achievement for primary school children.

...The results showed that 82 of 114 (71.9%) of criteria-eligible symptomatic primary school children had non-strabismic accommodative and/or vergence dysfunctions. In addition, a significant relationship was found between these dysfunctions and academic scores in every academic area (reading, mathematics, social science and science) in the total sample. Therefore, accommodative and vergence functions should be tested for all school children who have visual symptoms and/or academic difficulties....

Comments: So school performance DOES have something to do with vision?! Ophthalmology? Pediatricians? Are you listening? DM

2009 AER Regional Conference

Early Bird Deadline is August 31

More than 50 sessions over 2½ days –
Click Here (http://aerbvi.org/regionalconf/2009Topics.htm) to see a preliminary list of session topics for the Conference
All-important networking with colleagues
Pre-Conference Workshop on Obstacle Avoidance - Session Full! Sign up for a wait list - another session under consideration
AER Exhibit Hall
Roommate Matching Service
Downtown
Cleveland location with the restaurant district and Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum nearby
Register early and win!
Register by Aug. 31 for a chance to win free tickets to the spectacular Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum.

Accommodations
· $99 per night, single or double
· Crowne Plaza Cleveland City Centre.
· AER is handling hotel reservations for the conference through Oct. 13. Be sure to take advantage of the free Roommate Matching Service and save.

More Information:
www.aerbvi.org/regionalconf.

See you there!

2009 AER Regional Conference Program Committee
George Abbott, Chair, Hadley School for the Blind, Winnetka, Ill.
Gayle Aquino, President, COMA, Pottstown, Pa.Michelle Clyne, Philip Rock Center, Glen Ellyn, Ill.Earl Cohen, Cleveland Sight Center, Cleveland, OhioAudrey Dannenberg, Virginia Dept. for the Blind & Vision Impaired, Charlottesville, Va.Janet Stone Bard, Cuyahoga Co. Board of Mental Retardation & Developmental Disabilities, Cleveland, Ohio

Computerized surveillance of opioid-related adverse drug events in perioperative care: a cross-sectional study

...A small investment of resources into a pharmacist-driven surveillance model gave great gains in organizational adverse drug event detection. The patients who experienced multiple events are particularly relevant to future studies seeking risk factors for opioid induced respiratory depression. Computerized surveillance is an efficient, impactful, and sustainable model for ongoing capture and analysis of these rare, but potentially serious events....

The Tactual Profile: Development of a procedure to assess the tactual functioning of children who are blind

...The Tactual Profile assesses tactual functioning of children with severe visual impairments between 0 and 16 years of age. The Tactual Profile consists of 430 items, measuring tactile skills required for performing everyday tasks at home and in school. Items are graded according to age level and divided into three domains: tactual sensory, tactual motor and tactual perceptual. The development of the instrument is described and the psychometric properties that were studied reported. Most items had an acceptable difficulty level, and test—retest reliability proved to be good. The analyses for the construct validity showed moderately high correlations between the Tactual Profile and intelligence tests. These correlations were higher for the haptic performance subtests than for the verbal tests. High correlations with other haptic tests were found. However, these associations disappeared after factoring out intelligence, possibly because current methods for examining tactual functioning are strongly affected by intelligence. A summary of work planned in further development of the procedure is provided. ...

Ocular findings in childhood-onset Behçet disease

...Based on the results that were obtained in this series, panuveitis was the most common type of uveitis in cases with childhood-onset Behçet disease. Cataract was the most common anterior segment complication. Optic atrophy was the most common posterior segment complication. Male predominance was determined in this study....

Reading ability with pseudophakic monovision and with refractive multifocal intraocular lenses: Comparative study

...The monovision method group had better reading ability; however, careful patient selection is essential....

National, State, and Local Area Vaccination Coverage Among Children Aged 19--35 Months --- United States, 2008

...The National Immunization Survey (NIS) estimates vaccination coverage among children aged 19--35 months for 50 states and selected local areas.* .... Among racial/ethnic groups,** coverage varied little and, after adjusting for poverty, coverage estimates were not significantly lower for any groups compared with whites. However, children living below poverty had lower coverage than children living at or above poverty for most vaccines. Sustaining high coverage levels and using effective methods of reducing disparities across states/local areas and income groups remains a priority to fully protect children and limit the incidence of vaccine-preventable diseases. ...

Wednesday, August 26, 2009

Mind Control Can Make You A Better Surgeon

...A team of researchers have found that trainee eye surgeons can significantly improve their surgical skills by regulating their own brainwave activity, using a process called neurofeedback....

Comments: I have many....will refrain from using any! DM

Study Finds New Treatment For Communication Disorders

...In the first study of its kind, functional MRI was used to study patterns of brain activity while healthy individuals performed a language task and were given Levodopa, a drug that increases levels of dopamine, a common neurotransmitter in the brain. ...

Genetic Variations Tied To Brain Size

...Using advanced brain imaging and genomics technologies, an international team of researchers co-led by Scripps Research Institute scientists has shown for the first time that natural variations in a specific gene influence brain structure. By establishing this link, the researchers have opened the door to a range of potential research efforts that could reveal gene variations responsible for a number of neurological conditions such as autism....

Autistic Children Struggle With Smiles

...Autistic children struggle to understand the meaning behind a smile. This is the finding of a study published in the British Journal of Developmental Psychology online, today, 21st August 2009. ...

Back-to-School Resource From American Public University For Teachers, Counselors: 'Tips' Cards On ADD/ADHD, Bullying, Child Abuse, Teen Depression

..."Tips for Teachers" cards on key behavioral and student wellness issues are available at no cost to teachers, counselors, principals and other school-based personnel, thanks to a program by American Public University, a member institution of American Public University System, an accredited, online university system that serves more than 50,000 working adults studying worldwide....

Long-term visual function outcomes of congenital cataract surgery with intraocular lens implantation in children under 5 years of age

...Reasonably good postoperative visual acuity was achieved in the bilateral cataracts group, but relatively poor acuity in the unilateral cataract group. Poor stereopsis was recorded in both groups. One child developed glaucoma. None of the children developed retinal detachment. The expected myopic shift in the unilateral group compared with the bilateral group was demonstrated. Elective primary capsulotomy and elective anterior vitrectomy are mandatory to keep a clear visual axis....

Recent advances in ocular gene therapy

...Ongoing human clinical trials support the safety and efficacy of adeno-associated virus-mediated gene therapy for retinal disease. These and other studies will establish the foundation for methodology to treat additional ocular diseases using gene therapy strategies....

Monday, August 24, 2009

Exploring the musical interests and abilities of blind and partially sighted children and young people with Retinopathy of Prematurity

...This study explores the musical interests and talents
of children and young people who are blind or partially
sighted as a result of retinopathy of prematurity (RoP). The results
from questionnaires completed by 37 parents were analysed
using methods drawn from Ockelford et al.’s (2006) study of the
musical interests and abilities of children with septo-optic dysplasia
(SOD). The findings suggest that music plays a significant
part in the lives of children with ROP and these children may display
above typical music ability....


Comments: As someone involved in music, I found this interesting. For the full text of the article click the title above. DM

Visual Conditions Affecting Regular Computer Users

...When most people think of problems that are associated with using a computer on a daily basis they think of software problems, connectivity issues, and slow processing speeds, not health related problems.
However, the truth is that many people who regularly work from the computer actually suffer from
vision problems that may be posing a threat to their health without even realizing it....

Fragile Period Of Childhood Brain Development Could Underlie Epilepsy

.. ...form of partial epilepsy associated with auditory and other sensory hallucinations has been linked to the disruption of brain development during early childhood...

Exploring the musical interests and abilities of blind and partially sighted children and young people with Retinopathy of Prematurity

...This study explores the musical interests and talents of children and young people who are blind or partially sighted as a result of retinopathy of prematurity (RoP). The results from questionnaires completed by 37 parents were analysed using methods drawn from Ockelford et al.’s (2006) study of the musical interests and abilities of children with septo-optic dysplasia (SOD). The findings suggest that music plays a significant part in the lives of children with RoP and these children may display above typical music ability. ...